Findings on happiness in Nawijn (2011a): study NL 2007

Author(s)Nawijn, J.
TitleHappiness Trough Vacationing: Just a Temporary Boost or Long-Term Benefits?
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2011, Vol. 12, 651 - 665
PublicAdults, general public, Netherlands, followed 2 years, 2007-2008
Last assesment2008
 T1: 2007, T2: 2008
Survey nameNot available
 Gfk Leisure and Tourism panel
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
 Respondents were part of an online panel, which is representative of the Dutch speaking population in the Netherlands.
Respondents N =3650
Non Response36% drop-out at T2
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Participants completed a questionairre every 3 months
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question; I am completely satisfied with the conditions of my life 1 strongly disagree 2 3 4 5 strongly agree
Author's labellife satisfaction
Page in publication654
Remarks2007: M = 3.87, SD = 0.78, 2008: M =3.97, SD = .0.76
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 5On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation0.78

Full textSelfreport on 4 questions: ..describe feelings .. (question not reported) A happy-sad B tense-relaxed C satisfied-dissatisfied D elated-depressed Rated: 1-7, labels not reported Computation; (A+B+C+D)/4
Author's labelAffect balance
Page in publication654
RemarksAffect balance consists of average sum of positive affect minus negative affect. Affects were scored on a 5-point scale. Positive affect: enthusiastic free, loose, relaxed cheerful Negative affect: depressed tense impatient Mean score given for 2007 Mean score 2008: 3.51, SD = 3.13
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation3.05

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
change trip frequencyshow  Change in leisure
change trip frequencyshow  Traveling, also classified as above ↑
lenght of travelshow  Later leisure
lenght of travelshow  Traveling, also classified as above ↑
number of days traveledshow  Traveling
number of trips madeshow  Traveling
vacation frequencyshow  Traveling
Vacationingshow  Traveling