Findings on happiness in Reinhardt (1968): study US 1967

Author(s)Reinhardt, S.
TitleCharacteristics of Moods in Hospitalized and Normally Functioning Women.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, Colombia University, 1968, USA
PublicFemale mental patients and controls, USA, 1967
 Female mental patients living at a private psychiatric hospital, aged 19-54 A control group of 58 women, attending institutions of higher education.
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability purposive-expert sample
Respondents N =20
Non ResponseNot available
 Each night, during a period of 6-8 weeks, ratings were made of the highest, lowest and most characteristic feelings of the day
General remarksThis study is mainly about variation in moods. This excerpt reports only the finding on average mood
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question, answered every evening before retiring during six weeks (experience sampling) "On average; how elated or depressed, happy or unhappy you felt today....? 10 Complete elation, rapturous joy and soaring ecstasy 9 Very elated and in very high spirits. Tremendous delight and buoyancy 8 Elated and in high spirits 7 Feeling very good and cheerful 6 Feeling pretty good , "OK" 5 Feeling a little bit low. Just so-so 4 Spirits low and somewhat 'blue' 3 Depressed and feeling very low. Definitely 'blue' 2 Tremendously depressed. Feeling terrible, really miserable, "just awful" 1 Utter depression and gloom. Completely down. All is black and leaden. Wish it were all over. Name: Wessman & Ricks' `Elation - depression scale'
Author's labelElation-Depression
Page in publication40
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
patients vs normalsshow  Being in treatment for mental disorder (vs not)
patients vs normalsshow  In mental hospital, also classified as above ↑
patients vs normalsshow  Involved in schooling or not, also classified as above ↑