Findings on happiness in Monk et al. (1976): study ZZ Scandinavia 1976

Author(s)Monk, A.; Cryns, A.G.; Milbrath, K.
TitlePersonal and Social Value Concerns of Scandinavian Elderly: A Multivariate Study.
SourceInternational Journal of Aging and Human Development, 1976, Vol. 7, 221 - 230
Public50+ aged, Denmark, Norway, 1973
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Respondents N =200
 100 Danish and 100 Norwegian elderly; aged 60-92 years with M= 71,2 for the Danish respondents from Aarhus; aged 50-92 years with M=75,2 for the Norwegian respondents from Oslo; 96% of the Danish subjects and 87% of the Norwegian subjects were fully or partly retired; Both groups were drawn from the upper-lower through upper-middle class backgrounds with skilled labor, small business and the professions being the major areas of previous or continued employment.
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you and the bottom represents the worst possible life for you. Where on the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time? [ 10 ] best possible life [ 9 ] [ 8 ] [ 7 ] [ 6 ] [ 5 ] [ 4 ] [ 3 ] [ 2 ] [ 1 ] [ 0 ] worst possible life Preceded by 1) open questions about what the respondent imagines as the best possible life and the worst possible life. 2) ratings on the ladder of one's life five years ago and where on the ladder one expects to stand five years from now. Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (original)
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Present life condtionsshow  Current nation of residence