Findings on happiness in Muffels & Kemperman (2011): study XZ Germany West 1984

Author(s)Muffels, R.; Kemperman, B.
TitleDoes a Better Job Match Make Women Happier? Work Orientations, Work-Care Choices and Subjective Well-Being in Germany.
SourceSOEP Paper No. 361, 2011, DIW, Berlin, Germany
Public20-55 aged, women, Germany, 1984-2007
 Limited to 20-55 year aged women since the combination of working and caring responsibilities occurs especially in this phase of the life course.
Survey nameDE-SOEP
 SOEP 1984-2007
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
 20-55 aged women were selected from a probability sample of households
Respondents N =90297
 90,297 women answered both life satisfactions and questions related to work.
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
General remarksFirst, SOEP was first conducted in 1984 as longitudinal survey of private persons and households in the Federal Repoublic of Germany. In 1990, after the fall of the German Wall, the SOEP sample was extended with people from the German Democratic Republic.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Taking all things together, how satisfied are you with your life these days? Please answer with the help of this scale. For instance, when you are totally satisfied with your life, please tick '10'. When you are totally unsatisfied with your life, please tick '0'. You may use all values in between to indicate that you are neither totally satisfied nor totally unsatisfied." 10 totally satisfied 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 totally unsatisfied
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Page in publication31
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.821.82

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Birth cohortshow  Generation
Hours matchshow  Fit between actual and desired time-use
Hours matchshow  Load of work, also classified as above ↑
Hours matchshow  Preferred work-conditions, also classified as above ↑
Traitsshow  Agreeable
Traitsshow  Conscientious, also classified as above ↑
Traitsshow  Extraverted, also classified as above ↑
Traitsshow  Neurotic, also classified as above ↑
Traitsshow  Open, also classified as above ↑
Work orientationsshow  Current motivation to work
Work orientationsshow  Current want for children, also classified as above ↑
Work orientationsshow  Object of life-goals, also classified as above ↑
Work-care combinationsshow  Time spent on work and care