Findings on happiness in Nickerson et al. (2003): study US 1976

Author(s)Nickerson, C.; Diener, E.; Schwarz, N.
TitleZeroing on the Dark Side of the American Dream: A Closer Look at the Negative Consequences of the Goal for Financial Success.
SourcePsychological Science, 2003, Vol. 14, 531 - 536
PublicStudents USA, followed 20 years 1976-1995-97
 1976, 1995-1997
Survey nameNot available
 T1: American Freshman database: 1976 T2: College and Beyond database: 1995-1997
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
 Freshman classes of 21 academically selective institutions
Respondents N =12894
Non Response45%
 T1: : 30%, T2: 25%
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: How satisfied are you with your life these days? Would you say you are 5 very satisfied 4 quite satisfied 3 so so 2 not too satisfied 1 not satisfied at all
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Financial Goalshow  Earlier concern about income
Financial Goalshow  Income aspirations, also classified as above ↑
Household Incomeshow  Later level of income