Findings on happiness in Alexander (1969): study US 1964

Author(s)Alexander, W.E.
TitleSome Sociological Aspects of Psychological Well-Being in a Schizofrenic Population: Social Class, Participation and Work.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, Syracuse University, 1969, USA
PublicSchizophrenic males non-hospitalized, Monroe County, New York, USA, 1964-65
 1964 - 1965
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Probability area sample, drawn from the Monroe County psychiatric case register including all persons who had ever contacted the diagnostic source. The sample was limited to those patients who had first psychiatric contact between January, 1960, and June, 1963; who had no history of psychiatric hospitalization prior to initial contact, and had received at least one diagnosis of schizophrenia. Later the sample was limited to non-hospitalized patients.
Respondents N =178
Non Response28%, most of them patients'or family member refusal
AssesmentRegister data
 Analysis of case registers and clinical interviews with family members
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Taken all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say that you are....? 3 very happy 2 pretty happy 1 not too happy
Author's labelPsychological well-being
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 3On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation0.581.50

Scores in123

Full textSelfreport on 10 questions: We are interested in how people are feeling these days. The following items describe some of the ways people feel at different times. Please indicate how often you felt each way during the last week A Pleased about having accomplished something. B That things were going my way. C Proud because someone complimented me on something I had done. D Particularly excited or interested in something I had done. E On top of the world. F Upset because someone criticized you G So restless that you could not sit long in a chair H Bored I Very lonely or remote from other people J Depressed or very unhappy Answer options: 0 not at all 1 once 2 several times 3 often Summation: - Positive Affect Score (PAS): Average A to E - Negative Affect Score (NAS): Average F to J - Affect Balance Score (AB): PAS minus NAS Possible range: -25 to +25 Name : Bradburn's "Affected Balance Scale' (modified version)
Author's labelPsychological well-being
Page in publication42-45
RemarksRecoded to range -4 to +4: PA = 2.9, NA = 2.7, ABS = + 0,2
Error estimatesReliability:Equivalence: positive items : r ranging from +.13 to +.43 negative items r ranging form +.09 to +.45 positive x negative items: r ranging from -.25 to +.14 positive affect score x negative affect score: r = .07 (ns)
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Affect balanceH07aa02bO-HL by A-AB
Attending partiesF06ac01Attendance of parties
Being definitely schizophrenicH13ac03aSchizophrenic (f20)
Contacts with friendsF06acCurrent contacts with friends
Educational prestigeE01ab02Level of school-education
Employed statusE02abCurrent employment status
Employment historyE02aa01Earlier (un)employment
Extent of necessary interaction in the job settingW04ab11aInteraction at work
Extent of potential interaction in the job settingW04ab11aInteraction at work
IncomeI01abCurrent income level (unspecified)
Job satisfactionW05ad01Satisfaction with work-as-a-whole
OccupationO01ac01Occupational level
Organizational membershipsS07ab01Membership of voluntary organizations
S.E.S.S09ab01'Objective' socio-economic status
Severity of pathologyH13ab01Expert ratings of mental health
Social participationsS08abCurrent total social participation