Findings on happiness in Austrom (1984): study CA Ontario 1982

Author(s)Austrom, D.R.
TitleThe Consequences of Being Single.
SourcePeter Lang Publisher, 1984, New York, USA
Public23-59 aged English speaking, Toronto and Ontario, Canada, 198?
 Year of data gathering not reported
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Chunk sample gathered in various ways: 1. random sample of university employees 2. adult students of psychology 3. volunteers recruited by newspaper 4. snowball sample. Homosexuals excluded
Respondents N =1038
Non Response45%
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
General remarks
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: All things considered, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life as a whole? 10 completely satisfied 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 completely dissatisfied
Author's labelSatisfaction with life as a whole
Finding used in
nation ranks

Full textSelfreport on single question: Generally speaking, how happy would you say you are.....? 3 very happy 2 fairly happy 1 not too happy
Author's labelOverall happiness
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Ageshow  Current age (in years)
Being in loveshow  Steady love-relation
Dating patternshow  Current love-life
Desire to maintain dating pattern or marital status)show  Aspired change in marital status
Desire to maintain dating pattern or marital status)show  Desire to change love-life, also classified as above ↑
Do what is required onlyshow  Current concern about work
Durability of confident relationshipshow  History of current friendships
Enjoy present employershow  Satisfaction with management
Enjoyment of workshow  Satisfaction with work-as-a-whole
Frequency of social contacts with friendsshow  Current contacts with friends
Hours per week on work activitiesshow  Hours work
Household incomeshow  Household income
Involvement in workshow  Current concern about work
Job as a major source of satisfaction in lifeshow  Current concern about work
Job as a major source of satisfaction in lifeshow  Perceived sources of one's own happiness, also classified as above ↑
Job is interestingshow  Satisfaction with work itself
Joint effectsshow  Socio-demographic + life-appraisals + personality
Living arangementsshow  Current household-composition
Living situationshow  Time spend on household-work
Locus of controlshow  Inner locus of control
Male sexshow  Sex (male vs female)
Marital statusshow  Married state (compared to non-married states)
Marital status the same in next five yearsshow  Expected change in marital status
Meals outside homeshow  Where one eats
Mean satisfaction with financial situationshow  Satisfaction with financial situation
Never marriedshow  Vs formerly married (widowed+divorced+separated)
Number of friendsshow  Current number of friends
Number of close friendshipsshow  Number of close friends
Residence feels like a homeshow  Attitudes to housing
Satisfaction with friendshipsshow  Satisfaction with friends
Satisfaction with jobshow  Satisfaction with work-as-a-whole
Satisfaction with job and financial situationshow  Satisfaction with standard of living
Satisfaction with living situationshow  Attitudes to local environment
Satisfaction with love lifeshow  Satisfaction with love-life
Satisfaction with love relationshipshow  Satisfaction with love-life
Satisfaction with place of residence  Satisfaction with local environment
Satisfaction with singlenessshow  Satisfaction with being single
Satisfaction with standard of livingshow  Satisfaction with standard of living
Social support: expressiveshow  Sources of current support
Social support: financialshow  Concerns about income
Social support: interpersonal demandsshow  Sources of current support
Would chose same occupationshow  Attitudes to current occupation