Findings on happiness in Austrom (1984): study CA Ontario 1982

Author(s)Austrom, D.R.
TitleThe Consequences of Being Single.
SourcePeter Lang Publisher, 1984, New York, USA
Public23-59 aged English speaking, Toronto and Ontario, Canada, 198?
 Year of data gathering not reported
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Chunk sample gathered in various ways: 1. random sample of university employees 2. adult students of psychology 3. volunteers recruited by newspaper 4. snowball sample. Homosexuals excluded
Respondents N =1038
Non Response45%
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
General remarks
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: All things considered, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life as a whole? 10 completely satisfied 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 completely dissatisfied
Author's labelSatisfaction with life as a whole
Finding used in
nation ranks

Full textSelfreport on single question: Generally speaking, how happy would you say you are.....? 3 very happy 2 fairly happy 1 not too happy
Author's labelOverall happiness
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
Being in loveL19ab04Steady love-relation
Dating patternL19abCurrent love-life
Desire to maintain dating pattern or marital status)M01ad03aAspired change in marital status
Desire to maintain dating pattern or marital status)L19ac01Desire to change love-life, also classified as above ↑
Do what is required onlyW05abCurrent concern about work
Durability of confident relationshipF06aa03History of current friendships
Enjoy present employerW05ad02gSatisfaction with management
Enjoyment of workW05ad01Satisfaction with work-as-a-whole
Frequency of social contacts with friendsF06acCurrent contacts with friends
Hours per week on work activitiesE02ad02Hours work
Household incomeI01ab03Household income
Involvement in workW05abCurrent concern about work
Job as a major source of satisfaction in lifeW05abCurrent concern about work
Job as a major source of satisfaction in lifeH11ab02aPerceived sources of one's own happiness, also classified as above ↑
Job is interestingW05ad02dSatisfaction with work itself
Joint effectsS15ab37Socio-demographic + life-appraisals + personality
Living arangementsH20abCurrent household-composition
Living situationH21ab01aTime spend on household-work
Locus of controlP05bpInner locus of control
Male sexG01aaSex (male vs female)
Marital statusM02aaMarried state (compared to non-married states)
Marital status the same in next five yearsM01ad03bExpected change in marital status
Meals outside homeN15ab06Where one eats
Mean satisfaction with financial situationI01af05bSatisfaction with financial situation
Never marriedM02ab01eVs formerly married (widowed+divorced+separated)
Number of friendsF06abCurrent number of friends
Number of close friendshipsF06ab01Number of close friends
Residence feels like a homeH22aeAttitudes to housing
Satisfaction with friendshipsF06ah04Satisfaction with friends
Satisfaction with jobW05ad01Satisfaction with work-as-a-whole
Satisfaction with job and financial situationI01af05eSatisfaction with standard of living
Satisfaction with living situationL16acAttitudes to local environment
Satisfaction with love lifeL19ac02Satisfaction with love-life
Satisfaction with love relationshipL19ac02Satisfaction with love-life
Satisfaction with place of residence etc.L16ac03Satisfaction with local environment
Satisfaction with singlenessM02ah01cSatisfaction with being single
Satisfaction with standard of livingI01af05eSatisfaction with standard of living
Social support: expressiveS10ab02Sources of current support
Social support: financialI01af01Concerns about income
Social support: interpersonal demandsS10ab02Sources of current support
Would chose same occupationO01ad02Attitudes to current occupation