Findings on happiness in Bahr & Harvey (1980): study US 1972

Author(s)Bahr, H.M.; Harvey, C.D.
TitleCorrelates of Morale Among the Newly Widowed.
SourceThe Journal of Social Psychology, 1980, Vol. 110, 219 - 233
PublicRecently widowed miner`s wives and controls,USA, 1972
Collect period10
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 1. Widows:Miners wives who`s husbands had died in the 1972 Sunshine Mine fire.Non probability chunk sample (all). 2. Survivor wives: Miners wives who's husband had survived the 1972 Sunshine Mine Fire.Non probability random sample (all). 3. Other miners wives:Wives of miners inthe Kellogg Wallace district.Probability random sample from local telephone directory.
Respondents N =222
Non ResponseWidows 39% ,survivor wives 19% ,other miners wives 48%
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Highly structured
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Taken all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are....? 1 not too happy 2 relatively happy 3 very happy
Author's labelUnhappines
RemarksNot too happy:Widows 56%, Survivor wives 12%, Other miners wives 9%
Finding used in
nation ranks

Full textSelfreport on single question: Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder (10) represents the best possible life for you and the bottom (1) represents the worst possible life for you. Where on the ladder do you feel personally stand at the present time? [ 10 ] best possible life for you [ 9 ] [ 8 ] [ 7 ] [ 6 ] [ 5 ] [ 4 ] [ 3 ] [ 2 ] [ 1 ] worst possible life for you Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (adapted version)
Author's labelMorale
Remarks"High (6>) : Widows 32% ,Survivors wives 54% ,Other miners wives 64% Modus on range 1-10: Widows 5 ,Survivors wives 8 ,Other miners wives 8
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
Change in friendsS06aa02Change in personal contacts
Change in importanceof religionR12aa02Change in religion
Church attendanceR12ad02Participation in church
Church membershipR12ad01Church-member or not
Current family contactF03ab02Contacts with relatives
Diversity of organisational affiliationsS07ab01Membership of voluntary organizations
EducationE01ab02Level of school-education
Extent of organisational activityS07ab02Attendance to meetings
Family incomeI01ab03Household income
Having close friendsprior to the fireS06aa01aEarlier amount of personal contacts
Having close friendsprior to the fireI07aa01Earlier intimacy, also classified as above ↑
Husband died in mineaccident 6 months agoV06aa02Change: recently victimized
Husband died in mineaccident 6 months agoM01ab02bRecent widowhood, also classified as above ↑
Importance of religionR12af01Concern about religion
Joint effectsS15ab34Socio-demographic + life-appraisals + social ties
LeisureL03ac01Leisure activity level
MarriedM02aa02Married vs widowed
Married beforeM01aa02cEver remarried
Number of contacts with friends and relativesS06abCurrent contacts
Participates in church social activitiesR12ad02Participation in church
ReligiousnessR12af02Self-definition as religious
Satisfaction with incomeI01af05aSatisfaction with income
Socially active before the fireS07aa01aEarlier amount of organizational participation
Summary social contact scoreS06abCurrent contacts