Findings on happiness in Andrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /2

Publication
Author(s)Andrews, F.M.; Withey, S.B.
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Investigation
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, Nov 1972
Collect period11
 Data November form 2
Survey nameUnnamed study
SampleProbability area sample
 Probability area sample of adults (age 18+) living in non-institutional dwelling units of the 48 coterminous states. The sample is limited to American citizens, and was not tested for representativeness, but no gross biases are expected.
Respondents N =1072
Non Response38%
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 using highly structured questionnaires
General remarksSee also US 1972/1, US 1972/2, US 1972/3, US 1972/4, US 1972/5, US 1972/6
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Taken all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say that you are....? 3 very happy 2 pretty happy 1 not too happy
ClassificationO-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa
Author's labelThree-point happiness (G31)
Page in publication319
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 1 - 3On range 0 - 10
Mean2.116.99
Standard deviation0.561.47

Scores in123
%11.067.022.0

Full textSelfreport on single question: How do you feel how happy you are.....? 7 delighted 6 pleased 5 mostly satisfied 4 mixed (about equally satisfied and dissatisfied) 3 mostly 2 unhappy 1 terrible
ClassificationO-HV-u-sq-v-7-b
Author's labelSeven-point happiness (G32)
Page in publication319
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Mean5.44
Standard deviation1.09

Scores in1234567
%1.01.03.09.033.040.013.0

Full textSelfreport on 10 questions: During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no) A Particularly excited or interested in something? B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair? C Proud because someone complimented you on something you had done? D Very lonely or remote from other people? E Pleased about having accomplished something? F Bored? G On top of the world? H Depressed or very unhappy? I That things were going your way? J Upset because someone criticized you? Answer options and scoring: yes = 1 no = 0 Summation: -Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I -Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J -Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS Possible range: -5 to +5 Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
ClassificationA-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a
Author's labelAffect balance (G37)
Page in publication321
Remarks Affect balance Negative Positive -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 +1 +2 +3 +4 +5 <1% 1% 2% 5% 8% 13% 17% 17% 16% 14% 6%
Error estimatesequivalence: positive affect * negative affect: r=+.01 positive affect * affect balance : r=+.71 negative affect * affect balance : r=-.70
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range -5 - 5On range 0 - 10
Mean1.526.50
Standard deviation2.15


Full textSelfreport on single question: We have talked about various parts of your life, now I want to ask you about your life as a whole. How satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days.....? 7 completely satisfied 6 5 4 neutral 3 2 1 completely dissatisfied
ClassificationO-SLW-c-sq-n-7-a
Author's labelSeven-point satisfaction (G29)
Page in publication318
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Mean5.447.40
Standard deviation1.171.95

Scores in1234567
%1.01.05.011.024.044.014.0

Full textSelfreport on single question: In general how satisfying do you find the way you are spending your life these days. Would you call it.....? 3 completely satisfying 2 pretty satisfying 1 not very satisfying
ClassificationO-SLL-c-sq-v-3-a
Author's labelThree-point satisfaction (G30)
Page in publication318
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 1 - 3On range 0 - 10
Mean2.076.91
Standard deviation0.551.66

Scores in123
%12.069.019.0

Full textSelfreport on single question : Where would you put your life as a whole on a feeling thermometer? Rated on 'thermometer scale' (in grades) 0 degrees: very cold, negative 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 very warm, positive
ClassificationM-FH-u-sq-t-101-a
Author's labelThermometer (G8)
Page in publication313
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 0 - 100On range 0 - 10
Mean79.177.92
Standard deviation15.261.53

Scores in0123456789101112131415161718192021222324252627282930313233343536373839404142434445464748495051525354555657585960616263646566676869707172737475767778798081828384858687888990919293949596979899100
%0.00.00.00.00.01.03.07.027.043.019.0

Full textSelfreport on single question, asked twice in interview: How do you feel about your life as a whole......? 7 delighted 6 pleased 5 mostly satisfied 4 mixed 3 mostly dissatisfied 2 unhappy 1 terrible Summation: arithmetic mean Name: Andrews & Withey's "Delighted-Terrible Scale" (original version) Also known as Lehman's 'Global life satisfaction'
ClassificationO-DT-u-sqt-v-7-a
Author's labelLife 3 (Life 1 + Life 2)
Page in publication311
RemarksCombination of two ratings on 7-step scale results in 14 steps, with the following frequencies 7.0 6.5 6.0 5.5 5.0 4.5 4.0 3.5 3.0 2.5 2.0 1.5 1.0 % % % % % % % % % % % % % 5.5 7.4 23.4 17.8 26.4 8.4 6.3 1.7 1.1 0.7 0.8 0.3 0.2
Error estimatesReliability: repeat-reliability (correlation between scores on same questions asked twice during the interview): r=+.71 Validity:
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Mean5.307.17
Standard deviation


Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Affect Balanceshow  O-DT by A-AB
Affect Balanceshow  O-further by A-AB, also classified as above ↑
Affect Balanceshow  O-HL by A-AB, also classified as above ↑
Affect Balanceshow  O-SL by A-AB, also classified as above ↑
Ageshow  Current age (in years)
Amount of worryingshow  Amount of worrying
Delighted Terrible lifeshow  O-DT by O-DT
Delighted Terrible lifeshow  Sequence of items, also classified as above ↑
Explained variance in feelings about life as a wholeshow  Mixed multiple life-appraisals
Family life cycleshow  Current parental status
Family life cycleshow  Family career (family life-cycle), also classified as above ↑
Family life cycleshow  Married state (compared to non-married states), also classified as above ↑
Family life cycleshow  Stage of life, also classified as above ↑
Feeling warm about lifeshow  O-DT by O-further
Feeling warm about lifeshow  O-further by A-AB, also classified as above ↑
Feeling warm about lifeshow  O-HL by O-further, also classified as above ↑
Feeling warm about lifeshow  O-SL by O-further, also classified as above ↑
Feeling warm about lifeshow  Single aspect evaluations (on criteria of good life), also classified as above ↑
Happinessshow  O-HL by A-AB
Happinessshow  O-HL by O-further, also classified as above ↑
Happinessshow  O-HL by O-SL, also classified as above ↑
Happinessshow  O-HL by O-DT, also classified as above ↑
Happinessshow  O-HL by O-HL, also classified as above ↑
Happinessshow  O-SL by O-DT, also classified as above ↑
Male sexshow  Sex (male vs female)
Overall happinessshow  O-DT by A-AB
Overall happinessshow  O-DT by O-further, also classified as above ↑
Overall happinessshow  O-HL by O-SL, also classified as above ↑
Overall happinessshow  O-HL by O-DT, also classified as above ↑
Overall happinessshow  O-SL by O-DT, also classified as above ↑
Satisafction with house, apartmentshow  Satisfaction with housing
Satisfaction with activities with familyshow  Satisfaction with family
Satisfaction with admiration or respect by othersshow  Attitudes to own popularity
Satisfaction with admiration or respect by othersshow  Attitudes to own reputation, also classified as above ↑
Satisfaction with admiration or respect by othersshow  Satisfaction with respect for rights in nation, also classified as above ↑
Satisfaction with amount of funshow  Pleasant (vs unpleasant)
Satisfaction with amount of sleepshow  Satisfaction with amount of sleep
Satisfaction with amount of time doing things one likesshow  Satisfaction with time for leisure
Satisfaction with chances for relaxationshow  Satisfaction with leisure
Satisfaction with chances of getting a good jobshow  Perceived chances for employment
Satisfaction with chances to enjoy pleasant thingsshow  Pleasant (vs unpleasant)
Satisfaction with cost of livingshow  Satisfaction with costs of living in nation
Satisfaction with family agreement on spendingshow  Satisfaction with family
Satisfaction with friendsshow  Satisfaction with friends
Satisfaction with goods and services available in areashow  Satisfaction with medical services in vinicity
Satisfaction with health, physical conditionshow  Satisfaction with health
Satisfaction with house, apartmentshow  Satisfaction with housing
Satisfaction with houseworkshow  Satisfaction with home-making
Satisfaction with jobshow  Satisfaction with work-as-a-whole
Satisfaction with life as a whole_Ashow  O-SL by O-SL
Satisfaction with life as a whole_Bshow  O-HL by O-SL
Satisfaction with life as a whole_Bshow  O-HL by O-HL, also classified as above ↑
Satisfaction with life as a whole_Bshow  O-SL by A-AB, also classified as above ↑
Satisfaction with life as a whole_Cshow  O-SL by A-AB
Satisfaction with life as a whole_Dshow  O-SL by O-SL
Satisfaction with life as a whole_Eshow  O-SL by O-further
Satisfaction with life as a whole_Fshow  O-SL by O-DT
Satisfaction with life as a whole_Gshow  O-SL by O-DT
Satisfaction with life as a whole_Hshow  O-SL by O-further
Satisfaction with life as a whole_Ishow  O-HL by O-SL
Satisfaction with local governmentshow  Attitudes to local government
Satisfaction with material standard of livingshow  Satisfaction with standard of living
Satisfaction with mediashow  Satisfaction with media in nation
Satisfaction with national governmentshow  Attitudes to national government
Satisfaction with nearby places of recreation and sportsshow  Satisfaction with local recreation
Satisfaction with neighborhoodshow  Satisfaction with local environment
Satisfaction with one's creativityshow  Satisfaction with own abilities
Satisfaction with oneselfshow  Satisfaction with own abilities
Satisfaction with opportunity to change thingsshow  In control (vs drifting)
Satisfaction with opportunity to change thingsshow  Satisfaction with opportunity to change things, also classified as above ↑
Satisfaction with own family lifeshow  Satisfaction with family
Satisfaction with privacyshow  Attitude to privacy
Satisfaction with reliability of othersshow  Satisfaction with moral climate
Satisfaction with respect for rights by othersshow  Satisfaction with respect for rights in nation
Satisfaction with security from theftshow  Satisfaction with safety in vinicity
Satisfaction with sex lifeshow  Satisfaction with sex-life
Satisfaction with spare time activitiesshow  Satisfaction with leisure activities
Satisfaction with standards and values of societyshow  Attitudes to value-climate
Satisfaction with standards and values of societyshow  Current anomy, also classified as above ↑
Satisfaction with standards and values of societyshow  Satisfaction with moral climate , also classified as above ↑
Satisfaction with the way young peoplethink and actshow  Satisfaction with compatriots in nation
Social economic statusshow  'Objective' socio-economic status
Social economic statusshow  Over/under-achievement, also classified as above ↑
Social economic statusshow  Status consistency, also classified as above ↑
White raceshow  Ethnic status in the USA
Wish to change lifeshow  Wish to change life