Findings on happiness in Hanson & Spanier (1983): study US Pennsylvania 1977

Author(s)Hanson, S.L.; Spanier, G.B.
TitleFamily Development and Adjustment to Marital Separation.
SourceSociology and Social Research, 1983, Vol. 68, 19 - 40
PublicRecently separated, Pennsylvania.USA, followed 2 years, 1977-79
Collect periodspring
Last assesment1979
Last collect periodfall
 T1:spring 1977, T2:fall 1979
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Non-probability sample: participants were obtained by procuring names and adresses from public documents in the county courthouse, Pennsylvania, of those who had recently separated or divorced. Eligible respondants included persons, still living within 50 miles of the county, who had either:(1) filed for divorced, but not yet received a degree, (2) obtained a divorce degree, or (3) separated and filed (or were filed against) for custody or support.
Respondents N =210
Non ResponseT1: 39 % , T2: 48 %
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Structured interview
General remarksSame study also reported in SPANI 1982 and SPANI 1987. 37 % of eligible persons contacted, of which 61 % completed the first interview and 52 % also the second. Drop-outs appeared not different on any of the 17 social and demographic variables in this study.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 10 questions: During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no) A Particularly excited or interested in something? B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair? C Proud because someone complimented you on something you had done? D Very lonely or remote from other people? E Pleased about having accomplished something? F Bored? G On top of the world? H Depressed or very unhappy? I That things were going your way? J Upset because someone criticized you? Answer options and scoring: yes = 1 no = 0 Summation: -Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I -Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J -Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS Possible range: -5 to +5 Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Author's labelAffect Balance Scale
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
Age at first marriageM03aa01Earlier marriage relationship(s)
Age at first marriageM01MARRIAGE: MARITAL STATUS CAREER, also classified as above ↑
Age of oldest childC04ab01Age of children
Division of house- hold taskH21ab02aShared household-tasks
EducationE01aa01Earlier educational level
Family incomeI01ab03Household income
Length of (broken) marriageM03aa01aCharacteristics of earlier marriage-relationship(s)
Length of separationM01ab02aRecent divorce/separation
Male sexG01aaSex (male vs female)
Marital statusM01ab02aRecent divorce/separation
Number of childrenC03ab02Children in the household
Occupational statusO01ac01Occupational level
Occupational status of spouceM04ab03eSocial status of spouse
WorkstatusE02abCurrent employment status
WorkstatusE02aa01Earlier (un)employment, also classified as above ↑