Findings on happiness in Keith (1985a): study US 1969

Author(s)Keith, P.M.
TitleWork, Retirement and Well-Being among Unmarried Men and Women.
SourceGerontologist, 1985, Vol. 25, 410 - 416
Public58-63 aged unmarried, followed 10 years, USA, 1969-1979
Last assesment1979
 T1:1969, T2:1979
Survey nameNot available
SampleProbability stratified sample
 Probability sample from the Longitudinal Retirement History Survey, conducted by the U.S. Bureau of census for the Social Security Administration, a subsample was taken of unmarried men and women who participated both in 1969 and in 1979, who were unmarried at both interviews and were employed in 1969.
Respondents N =1398
 (326 men, 1072 women)
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Structured interview
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Taken all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say that you are....? 3 very happy 2 pretty happy 1 not too happy
Author's labelHappiness
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04ab03Age difference among elderly
Earlier educationE01aa01Earlier educational level
Earlier happinessH04ab01bPast happiness ( 1 to 10 years ago)
Earlier OccupationO01aa01Earlier occupation
EmploymentE02abCurrent employment status
HealthH14ab02Self-perceived health
IncomeI01abCurrent income level (unspecified)
Joint effectsS15ac01Life-appraisals + personality
Joint effectsS15ab17Socio-demographic + health + life-appraisals, also classified as above ↑
Joint effectsS15ad01Summed effects of earlier + current conditions, also classified as above ↑
Male sexG01aaSex (male vs female)
Never marriedM02ab01eVs formerly married (widowed+divorced+separated)
Retirement attitudesR14agAttitudes to retirement