Findings on happiness in Keith (1985a): study US 1969

Author(s)Keith, P.M.
TitleWork, Retirement and Well-Being among Unmarried Men and Women.
SourceGerontologist, 1985, Vol. 25, 410 - 416
Public58-63 aged unmarried, followed 10 years, USA, 1969-1979
Last assesment1979
 T1:1969, T2:1979
Survey nameNot available
SampleProbability stratified sample
 Probability sample from the Longitudinal Retirement History Survey, conducted by the U.S. Bureau of census for the Social Security Administration, a subsample was taken of unmarried men and women who participated both in 1969 and in 1979, who were unmarried at both interviews and were employed in 1969.
Respondents N =1398
 (326 men, 1072 women)
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Structured interview
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Taken all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say that you are....? 3 very happy 2 pretty happy 1 not too happy
Author's labelHappiness
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Ageshow  Age difference among elderly
Earlier educationshow  Earlier educational level
Earlier happinessshow  Past happiness ( 1 to 10 years ago)
Earlier Occupationshow  Earlier occupation
Employmentshow  Current employment status
Healthshow  Self-perceived health
Incomeshow  Current income level (unspecified)
Joint effectsshow  Life-appraisals + personality
Joint effectsshow  Socio-demographic + health + life-appraisals, also classified as above ↑
Joint effectsshow  Summed effects of earlier + current conditions, also classified as above ↑
Male sexshow  Sex (male vs female)
Never marriedshow  Vs formerly married (widowed+divorced+separated)
Retirement attitudesshow  Attitudes to retirement