Findings on happiness in Fiske & Chiriboga (1985): study US 1969

Author(s)Fiske, M.; Chiriboga, D.A.
TitleThe Interweaving of Societal and Personal Change in Adulthood.
SourceMunnichs, J.M.;et al;Eds.: "Life-Span and Change in a Gerontal Perspective", Academic Press, 1985, New York, USA, 177 - 209
PublicPeople in transition, followed 5 years,USA, 1969-1974
Last assesment1974
 T1:1969; T2:1971; T3:1974;
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Non-probability purposive samples selected at the beginning of the longitudinal study in 1969: 1. High school seniors (facing college, job, marriage) Chunk sample: class of senior high school 2. Newly weds(facing parenthood) snowball sample: recruted by respondents and marriage lists 3. Middle aged parents (facing empty nest) Chunk sample: parents of high school students 4. Elderly planning to retire Snowball sample: recruted by respondents and organisations
Respondents N =189
 At T1 N was 216
Non ResponseSample attrition: 12,5%
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Lengthy interviews
General remarksSee also: CHIRI 1977, 1982, 1984 ; LOWEN 1975
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: In general, how happy are you these days .....? 3 very happy 2 pretty happy 1 not too happy
Author's labelHAPPINESS
RemarksT1: M = 1,86 T2: M = 1,63 T3: M = 1,71
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 3On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Earlier and current stressshow  Summed life-events: standard weights
Stage of lifeshow  Stage of life
Timeliness of transitionshow  Timelines of life stage transition