Findings on happiness in Forti & Huyg (1983): study US Louisiana 1977

Author(s)Forti, T.J.; Huyg, M.S.
TitleA Documented Evaluation of Primary Prevention through Consultation.
SourceCommunity Mental Health Journal, 1983, Vol. 19, 290 - 304
PublicCatholic nuns, re-organized cloister, followed 4 years, Louisiana, USA, 1977-1981
Last assesment1981
 T1:1977, T2:1979, T3:1981
Survey nameNot available
 Data of this study were collected before (1977), two years (1979) and four years (1981) after mental health consultation of the Louisiana Marianite Administration Team. Mental health consultation was offered because of the introdution of organizational change in 1977, viz. replacing a president and council form of administration by team governance. Consultation is assumed to lead to stronger support structures that could buffer stress.
SampleNot available
 The whole population was selected.
Respondents N =137
 T1: 146, T2: 154, T3: 137
Non ResponseT1: 18%, T2: 14%, T3: 23%
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
General remarksFindings of the 1977 and 1979-study have also been published in: Th. J. Forti, Effect of Organizational Change on Well-Being Indices of a Louisiana Marianite Community in Response to Consultation, dissertation Tulane University, 1980. We used additional information (computed correlates) which was sent to us by the author.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Which face comes closest to expressing feeling about life as a whole? 7 delighted 6 very satisfying 5 satisfying 4 mixed 3 dissatisfying 2 very dissatisfying 1 terrible - No opinion Name: Andrews & Withey's "Delighted-Terrible Scale" (modified version)
Author's labelGlobal well-being
Remarks 1977 1979 1981 1. (Delighted) 20,6% 23,4% 27,2% 2. 49,3% 55,2% 41,1%
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation0.50

Full textSelfreport on single question: I am happy most of the time 1 true 0 false
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Ageshow  Current age (in years)
Anxietyshow  Current mental complaints
Anxietyshow  Scores on symptom inventories, also classified as above ↑
Consultation: mental healthshow  Actual changes in happiness
Consultation: mental healthshow  Being in treatment for mental disorder (vs not), also classified as above ↑
Consultation: mental healthshow  Frequency of use, also classified as above ↑
Consultation: mental healthshow  In ambulatory treatment, also classified as above ↑
Consultation: physical healthshow  Visits to doctor
Father's Occupationshow  Parents occupation
Feels useless at timesshow  Meaningful (vs useless)
General Affectshow  O-DT by O-further
General Affectshow  Summed life aspect evaluations (semantic differential scales), also classified as above ↑
Group cohesionshow  Attitudes to institution
Group cohesionshow  Group morale, also classified as above ↑
Happy most of the timeshow  O-DT by M-AO
Level of Educationshow  Level of school-education
Number of years in cloistershow  Length of current stay in institution
Number of years in cloistershow  Living in a convent, also classified as above ↑
Organizational changeshow  Climate of change
Organizational changeshow  Organizational change in institution, also classified as above ↑
Satisfaction with accomplishments/ problem solvingshow  Earlier self-image
Satisfaction with accomplishments/ problem solvingshow  Later self-image, also classified as above ↑
Satisfaction with accomplishments/ problem solvingshow  Satisfaction with own accomplishments, also classified as above ↑
Satisfaction with adjustment to changeshow  Satisfaction with own coping with life-change
Satisfaction with Catholic faithshow  Satisfaction with religion
Satisfaction with closeness to natureshow  Attitude to local natural environment
Satisfaction with communityshow  Attitude to vinicity
Satisfaction with contributing to other people's livesshow  Satisfaction with meaning
Satisfaction with creativityshow  Satisfaction with own creativeness
Satisfaction with extent of self-developmentshow  Developing (vs stagnating)
Satisfaction with fair treatmentshow  Satisfaction with fair treatment in nation
Satisfaction with fun and enjoymentshow  Pleasant (vs unpleasant)
Satisfaction with healthshow  Satisfaction with health
Satisfaction with house/apartmentshow  Satisfaction with housing
Satisfaction with interesting day-to-day lifeshow  Interesting (vs boring)
Satisfaction with local house governmentshow  Attitudes to institution
Satisfaction with opportunity to change thingsshow  Attitudes to institution
Satisfaction with persons aroundshow  Attitudes to institution
Satisfaction with physical work and exerciseshow  Satisfaction with physical activity
Satisfaction with provincial governmentshow  Attitudes to local government
Satisfaction with religious fulfillmentshow  Satisfaction with religion
Satisfaction with responsibilities forother sistersshow  Attitudes to institution
Social supportshow  Group morale
Social supportshow  Perceived availability of social support, also classified as above ↑