Findings on happiness in Fowler & McCalla (1969): study US 1965

Author(s)Fowler, F.J.; McCalla, M.E.
TitleCorrelates of Morale among Aged in Greater Boston.
SourceProceedings of the 77th Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association, Vol. 4, 1969, 733 -734
Public65+ aged, Metropolitan Boston, USA, 1965
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Probability area sample.
Respondents N =1335
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Questionnaire administered at home.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: "In general, how good would you say your spirits are these days....?" 4 excellent 3 very good 2 fair 1 poor
Author's labelMorale.
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04ab03Age difference among elderly
Educational levelE01ab02Level of school-education
Foreign bornE04ab03tEthnic status in the USA
Living arrangementH20abCurrent household-composition
Number of social contactsS06abCurrent contacts
Reported healthH14ab02aGlobal health rating
Total annual family incomeI01ab03Household income