Findings on happiness in Lewis (1972): study US 1967

Author(s)Lewis, M.A.
TitleActual and Perceived Age Differences in Self-Concept and Psychological Well-Being for Catholic Sisters.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, Syracuse University, 1972, USA
Public24-75 aged Catholic sisters, Eastern USA. 196?
 Year of data gathering not reported
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Non-probability chunk sample of Catholic sisters who are members of the Eastern American Province, which is a geographical subdivision including New York, Virginia, Florida, Illinois, Missouri and Colorado. Age 24-75 (74 of age 23-34, 69 of age 35-49, 49 of age 50+)
Respondents N =183
Non Response34%
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Mailed questionnaire
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 10 questions: During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no) A Particularly excited or interested in something? B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair? C Proud because someone complimented you on something you had done? D Very lonely or remote from other people? E Pleased about having accomplished something? F Bored? G On top of the world? H Depressed or very unhappy? I That things were going your way? J Upset because someone criticized you? Answer options and scoring: yes = 1 no = 0 Summation: -Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I -Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J -Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS Possible range: -5 to +5 Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Author's labelPsychological well-being.
Remarks42% +3 or more, 33% +1 or +2, 14% 0, 11% -1 or less
Finding used in
nation ranks

Full textSelfreport on single question: Taking all together: how happy would you say you are? Would you say you are? 3 very happy 2 pretty happy 1 not too happy
Author's labelPsychological well-being.
Finding used in
nation ranks
Scores in123

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Ageshow  Current age (in years)
Positive self- conceptshow  Evaluation of self-as-a-whole
Psychological well- beingshow  O-HL by A-AB
Self-concept compo- nentsshow  Current self-characterization