Findings on happiness in Harding (1985): study GB 1981

Author(s)Harding, S.D.
TitleValues and the Nature of Psychological Well-Being.
SourceAbrams, M.;Gerard, D.;Timms, N.,Eds.: "Values and Social Change in Britain", McMillan, 1985, London, UK, 227 - 252
Public18+ aged, general public, Great Britain, 1983
Survey nameNot available
 European Value Study 1
SampleNot available
 Systematic probability sample, post-stratified by age.
Respondents N =1231
Non Response?
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Highly structured
General remarksSame study also reported in HALMA 1987.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Taking all things together, would you say you are.....? 4 very happy 3 quite happy 2 not very happy 1 not at all happy.
Author's labelPsychological well-being
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 4On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation0.55

Scores in1234

Full textSelfreport on single question: All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole now.....? 1 dissatisfied 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 satisfied
Author's labelPsychological well-being
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Full textSelfreport on 10 questions: During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no) A Particularly excited or interested in something? B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair? C Proud because someone complimented you on something you had done? D Very lonely or remote from other people? E Pleased about having accomplished something? F Bored? G On top of the world? H Depressed or very unhappy? I That things were going your way? J Upset because someone criticized you? Answer options and scoring: yes = 1 no = 0 Summation: -Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I -Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J -Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS Possible range: -5 to +5 Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Author's labelPsychological well-being
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range -5 - 5On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Acceptance of violenceshow  Preference for peaceful solution of political problems
Active leisureshow  Leisure activity level
Active leisureshow  Leisure aspirations, also classified as above ↑
Ageshow  Current age (in years)
Belief in Godshow  Belief in god
Church attendanceshow  Participation in church
Having workshow  Full-time home maker
Incomeshow  Household income
Level of educationshow  Level of school-education
Married vs widowed, never married, divorced or separatedshow  Married state (compared to non-married states)
Married vs never marriedshow  Married vs never married
Married vs widowedshow  Married vs widowed
Never married vs widowedshow  Vs widowed
Never married vs widowed, divorced or separatedshow  Vs formerly married (widowed+divorced+separated)
Occupationshow  Current occupation
Organisational membershipshow  Membership of voluntary organizations
Reform orientationshow  Social reform: radical reform vs consolidation
Religiousnessshow  Current religious beliefs
Self-reported healthshow  Global health rating
TV watchingshow  Tv watching, radio listening
Widowedshow  Vs divorced
Willingness to fightfor countryshow  Willingness to fight for nation