Findings on happiness in Headey & Krause (1988): study XZ Germany West 1984

Author(s)Headey, B.; Krause, P.
TitleA Health and Wealth Model of Change in Life Satisfaction.
SourceArbeitspapier 260, Sonderforschungsbereich 3, University of Mannheim, 1988, Germany
Public16+ aged, general public, West Germany, 1984-1985
Last assesment1985
 T1:1984, T2:1985
Survey nameNot available
 Socio-Economic Panel
SampleNot available
 Sample A: A representive sample of 4141 West German households, excluding foreigners. Sample B: A non-representative and oversized sample of 1181 households of foreigners (Turks, Italians, Yugoslavs, Greeks and Spaniards). Every member of the selected households was interviewed, proxy interviews were not allowed.
Respondents N =2718
 Sample A: 8372, sample B: 2718
Non ResponseAttrition sample A: 8%, sample B: 15%
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Structured interview
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole now.....? 1 dissatisfied 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 satisfied
Author's labelChange in life-satisfaction
Error estimatesThe correlation between the two measures was 0.78.
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Change in satisfactionshow  Change in life-appraisals
Change in satisfactionshow  Summed effects of changes in life, also classified as above ↑
Change in satisfaction with healthshow  Change in satisfaction with health
Change in satisfaction with incomeshow  Change in attitude to income