Findings on happiness in Michalos (1982): study CA Huron County Ontario 1977

Author(s)Michalos, A.C.
TitleThe Satisfaction and Happiness of Some Senior Citizens in Ontario.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1982, Vol. 11, 1 - 30
Public60+ aged, rural townships,Southern Huron County, Ontario, Canada, 197?
 Year of data gathering not reported
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Probability sample of institutionalized aged people combined with a non-probabilty chunck sample of institutionalized elderly persons. The probablity sample was dramn by multistatage sampling alternatively choosing a male and a female subject. The non-probability sample consist of 61 institutionalized aged residents of of an institution for elderly.
Respondents N =392
Non Response37%
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Mailed questionaire,followed by an interview
General remarksThe exerpted paper includes path-diagrams giving the relationship between satisfaction or happiness and goalachievement or comparison with best previous experience or comparison with life of average folks.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: How do you feel about your life as a whole right now.....? 7 delightful 6 very satisfying 5 satisfying 4 mixed 3 dissatisfying 2 very dissatisfying 1 terrible No opinion Name: Andrews & Withey's `Delighted-Terrible Scale' ( modified version)
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation0.77

Full textSelfreport on single question: Considering your life as a whole, would you describe it as....:? 1 very unhappy 2 | unhappy 3 4 an even mixture of unhappiness and happiness 5 | happy 6 7 very happy no opinion
Author's labelGeneral Happiness
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.08

Full textSelfreport on single question: "Some people have certain goals or aspirations for various aspects of their lives. They claim for a particular sort of home, income, and so on. Compared to your own general aims , would you say that your life measures up to it.....?" 1 not at all 2 3 4 matches 5 6 7 better than you want
Author's labelGoal achievement
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.06

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Goal achievementH07aa03jO-DT by C-RW
Goal achievementH07aa03cO-HL by C-RW, also classified as above ↑
Joint effectS15ab04Socio-demographic + life-appraisals
Life compared with best previous experienceL04ae01bLife compared with earlier situation
Life compared with that of average folksL04ae01dLife compared with situation of others
Satisfaction with area you live inL16acAttitudes to local environment
Satisfaction with family lifeF03ac02Satisfaction with family-life
Satisfaction with financial securityI01af05cSatisfaction with financial security
Satisfaction with friendshipsF06ah04Satisfaction with friends
Satisfaction with government servicesP09ag02Attitudes to state-services
Satisfaction with healthH14af04Satisfaction with health
Satisfaction with housingH22ae02Satisfaction with housing
Satisfaction with recreationL03ad03bSatisfaction with leisure activities
Satisfaction with religionR12af03Satisfaction with religion
Satisfaction with spouseM03ac03Satisfaction with marriage
Satisfaction with transportationL12ac02ahSatisfaction with local transport
Self-esteemS02ad02Evaluation of self-as-a-whole