Findings on happiness in Ball & Robbins (1984): study US 1983

Author(s)Ball, R.E.; Robbins, L.
TitleMarital Status and Life Satisfaction of Black Men.
SourceJournal of Social and Personal Relationships, 1984, Vol. 1, 459 - 470
Public18+ aged, black men, Florida, USA, 1983
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Probability multistage cluster sample. The population was selected as a subsample from a representative sample of the adult population in four counties in Central Florida, U.S.A.
Respondents N =253
Non Response14%
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 in the respondents' own home
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you and the bottom represents the worst possible life for you. Where on the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time? [ 10 ] best possible life [ 9 ] [ 8 ] [ 7 ] [ 6 ] [ 5 ] [ 4 ] [ 3 ] [ 2 ] [ 1 ] [ 0 ] worst possible life Preceded by 1) open questions about what the respondent imagines as the best possible life and the worst possible life. 2) ratings on the ladder of one's life five years ago and where on the ladder one expects to stand five years from now. Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (original)
Author's labelLife satisfaction.
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation2.70

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Ageshow  Current age (in years)
Healthshow  Global health rating
Marital statusshow  Married state (compared to non-married states)
Social participationshow  Current total social participation
Socioeconomic statusshow  'Objective' socio-economic status