Findings on happiness in Cummins et al. (2003c): study ES 1981

Author(s)Cummins, R.A.; Eckersley, R.; Lo, S.K.; Okerstrom, E.
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index. Survey 6, Report 6.0. The Wellbeing of Australians. Impact of the Impending Iraq War.
SourceAustralian Centre on Quality of Life, 2003, Melbourne, Australia.
Public18+ aged, general public, Spain, 1981
Survey nameWorldValuesSurvey 1
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Respondents N =2300
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 10 questions: During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no) A Particularly excited or interested in something? B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair? C Proud because someone complimented you on something you had done? D Very lonely or remote from other people? E Pleased about having accomplished something? F Bored? G On top of the world? H Depressed or very unhappy? I That things were going your way? J Upset because someone criticized you? Answer options and scoring: yes = 1 no = 0 Summation: -Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I -Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J -Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS Possible range: -5 to +5 Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range -5 - 5On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.711.71