Findings on happiness in Andrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /1

Publication
Author(s)Andrews, F.M.; Withey, S.B.
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Investigation
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, May 1972
Collect period5
Survey nameUnnamed study
SampleProbability area sample
 Probability area sample af adults (age 18+) living in non-institutional dwelling units of the 48 coterminous states. The sample appeared to be representative for the total population with respect to age, sex and race, and consisted of 547 males and 750 females.
Respondents N =1297
Non Response24%
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 using highly structured questionnaires
General remarksSee also US 1972/2, US 1972/3, US 1972/4, US 1972/5, US 1972/6 Same study partly reported in Andrews, F.M. & Withey, S.B., 'Developing measures of perceived life quality', Social Indicator Research, 1974, vol.1, p. 1-26
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question, asked twice in interview: How do you feel about your life as a whole......? 7 delighted 6 pleased 5 mostly satisfied 4 mixed 3 mostly dissatisfied 2 unhappy 1 terrible Summation: arithmetic mean Name: Andrews & Withey's "Delighted-Terrible Scale" (original version) Also known as Lehman's 'Global life satisfaction'
ClassificationO-DT-u-sqt-v-7-a
Author's labelLife3 (G3)
Page in publication311
RemarksCombination of two ratings on 7-step scale results in 14 steps, with the following frequencies
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Mean5.507.50
Standard deviation0.911.52


Full textSelfreport on single question: Taken all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say that you are....? 3 very happy 2 pretty happy 1 not too happy
ClassificationO-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa
Author's labelThree-point happiness (G31)
Page in publication319
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 1 - 3On range 0 - 10
Mean2.187.17
Standard deviation0.571.49

Scores in123
%9.064.027.0

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Ageshow  Current age (in years)
Concernsshow  Current concerns
Concernsshow  Satisfaction with multiple domains of life, also classified as above ↑
Educational levelshow  Level of school-education
Family life cycleshow  Current parental status
Family life cycleshow  Family career (family life-cycle), also classified as above ↑
Family life cycleshow  Married state (compared to non-married states), also classified as above ↑
Family life cycleshow  Stage of life, also classified as above ↑
Happinessshow  O-HL by O-DT
Incomeshow  Current income level (unspecified)
Male sexshow  Sex (male vs female)
Satisfaction with activities with familyshow  Satisfaction with family
Satisfaction with amount of funshow  Pleasant (vs unpleasant)
Satisfaction with amount of time doing things one likesshow  Satisfaction with time for leisure
Satisfaction with chance to know peopleshow  Satisfaction with opportunities for contact
Satisfaction with chance to know peopleshow  Perceived opportunities for contacts
Satisfaction with close adult relativeshow  Satisfaction with close adult relatives
Satisfaction with condition of natural environmentshow  Attitude to local natural environment
Satisfaction with consumer facilitiesshow  Satisfaction with local shops
Satisfaction with cost of livingshow  Satisfaction with costs of living in nation
Satisfaction with familyshow  Satisfaction with family
Satisfaction with health and physical conditionshow  Satisfaction with health
Satisfaction with house, apartmentshow  Satisfaction with housing
Satisfaction with housework, work around the houseshow  Satisfaction with home-making
Satisfaction with how one gets on with peopleshow  Satisfaction with opportunities for contact
Satisfaction with how one gets on with peopleshow  Satisfaction with own abilities, also classified as above ↑
Satisfaction with jobshow  Satisfaction with work-as-a-whole
Satisfaction with local governmentshow  Attitudes to local government
Satisfaction with material standard of livingshow  Satisfaction with standard of living
Satisfaction with mediashow  Satisfaction with media in nation
Satisfaction with mobilityshow  Satisfaction with local transport
Satisfaction with municipal servicesshow  Attitudes to state-services
Satisfaction with national governmentshow  Attitudes to national government
Satisfaction with neighborhoodshow  Attitude to neighborhood
Satisfaction with organizational membershipsshow  Satisfaction with organizational participation
Satisfaction with personal efficacyshow  Current satisfaction with self
Satisfaction with personal efficacyshow  Satisfaction with own abilities, also classified as above ↑
Satisfaction with recreation facilitiesshow  Satisfaction with local recreation
Satisfaction with religious faithshow  Satisfaction with religion
Satisfaction with school facilities in the areashow  Satisfaction with local schools
Satisfaction with security from theftshow  Satisfaction with safety in vinicity
Satisfaction with social contacts and friendsshow  Satisfaction with friends
Satisfaction with spare time activitiesshow  Satisfaction with leisure activities
Satisfaction with the way people over 40 think and actshow  Satisfaction with compatriots in nation
Satisfaction with the way young people think and actshow  Satisfaction with compatriots in nation
Satisfaction with the weathershow  Attitude to local climate
Satisfaction with treatment by othersshow  Satisfaction with compatriots in nation
Satisfaction with use of own educationshow  Satisfaction with education
Socioeconomic statusshow  'Objective' socio-economic status
Socioeconomic statusshow  Status consistency, also classified as above ↑
White raceshow  Ethnic status in the USA