Findings on happiness in Mussen et al. (1980): study US 1928

Publication
Author(s)Mussen, P.H.; Bieber, S.L.; Eichorn, D.H.; Honzik, M.P.; Meredith, W.M.
TitleContinuity and Change in Womens Characteristics over Four Decades.
SourceInternational Journal of Behavioral Development, 1980, Vol. 3, 333 - 347
Investigation
PublicMothers, followed from age 30 to 70, Berkeley USA, 1928-68
Last assesment1968
 T1: 1928/29 , T2: 1968
Survey nameNot available
 Berkely Guidance study. Same study also reported in SCHAE 1963 and MCGRA 1968.
SampleNot available
 Mothers of children aged 21 months who participated in a longitudinal development study, conducted at the Institute of Human Development at the University of California, Berkeley.
Respondents N =53
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentMultiple methods
 Observation and interviews at age 30 and age 70
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport in focused interview Rating two independent interviewers. A. Psychiatric social worker who interviewed parents at home. Interview focused on child B. Clinical psychologist who interviewed parents separately. Interview focused on family life. Rating options: 7 extremely cheerful, animated, jolly 6 5 4 usually good-humored air 3 2 1 dejected, melancholic appearance, in the dumps Summation: average ratings A and B
ClassificationA-CP-g-fi-v-7-a
Author's labelCheerfulness
Error estimatesReliability: Equivalence: interrater agreement at T1: r = +.59 . Retest after 40 years r = +.28 (p<05). Validity:
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Full textSelfreport in focused interview Two independent interviews. Each interviewer rated `satisfaction with lot' on the same scale. 1 tremendously satisfied 2 3 4 average 5 6 7 extremely dissatisfied
ClassificationO-SLC-g-fi-v-7-b
Author's labelSatisfaction with lot
RemarksT1: (Age 30) Ms = 3.0 Ms' = 7.0 SD = 1.2 T2: (Age 70) Ms = 2.6 Ms' = 7.4 SD = 1.3
Error estimatesReliability: Equivalence: interrater agreement at T1: r = +.60 . Retest after 40 years r = +.15 ns. Validity:
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Excitable; energetic; talkative;restlessshow  Later tenseness
Excitable; energetic; talkative;restlessshow  Tense, also classified as above ↑
Excitable; energetic; talkative;restlessshow  Vigorous, also classified as above ↑
Good use of languageworrisome;restless; high self-esteemshow  Later self-confidence
Intelligent; interested in childshow  Clever
Intelligent; interested in childshow  Earlier cleverness, also classified as above ↑
Intelligent; interested in childshow  Interested, also classified as above ↑
Intelligent; interested in childshow  Parents characteristics, also classified as above ↑
Intelligent; interested in childshow  Personality of parents, also classified as above ↑
Intelligent; interested in child;uncritical of childshow  Capacities of parents
Intelligent; interested in child;uncritical of childshow  Involvement of parents, also classified as above ↑
Intelligent; interested in child;uncritical of childshow  Personality of parents, also classified as above ↑
Interested in child; uncritical of child; talkativeshow  Attitudes to one's own children
Interested in child; uncritical of child; talkativeshow  Personality of parents, also classified as above ↑
Open-minded; accuracy in thinkingshow  Clever
Open-minded; accuracy in thinkingshow  Later cleverness, also classified as above ↑
Open-minded; accuracy in thinkingshow  Later openness , also classified as above ↑
Open-minded; accuracy in thinkingshow  Open, also classified as above ↑
Talkative; criticalshow  Tense
Unworrisome; satisfied; self-assuredshow  Amount of worrying
Unworrisome; satisfied; self-assuredshow  Earlier self-confidence, also classified as above ↑
Unworrisome; satisfied; self-assuredshow  Earlier worries, also classified as above ↑
Unworrisome; satisfied; self-assuredshow  Self-confidant, also classified as above ↑