Findings on happiness in Diener et al. (1985): study US 1984

Author(s)Diener, E.; Emmons, R.A.; Horwitz, J.
TitleHappiness of the Very Wealthy.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1985, Vol. 16, 263 - 274
PublicAdult, wealthy and controls (general population), USA, 1984
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 1: Non-probability purposive quota sample. One hundred persons from the Forbes list of the 400 wealthiest Americans (net worth $ 125 million or more) average age 65.8 2: Probability area sample. For each wealthy person contacted a comparison person was selected from the same region by picking at random from the telephonebook (average age 45.6)
Respondents N =111
 N1:49, N2:62
Non Response1:51 %, 2: 38 %
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
General remarksFor both groups of participants letters were adressed to Mr. and Mrs.---- The instruction was one would fill in. But it is possible that in a few cases both husband and wife in one household completed the questionnaire
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 3 questions: "What percentage of the time would you say you are....?" (Percentages must add up to 100%) 1 happy 2 unhappy 3 neutral Computation: Net Time Happy (NTH) % time happy - % time unhappy
Author's labelPercentage of time happy
Finding used in
nation ranks

Full textSelfreport on single question: How do you feel how happy you are.....? 7 delighted 6 pleased 5 mostly satisfied 4 mixed (about equally satisfied and dissatisfied) 3 mostly 2 unhappy 1 terrible
Author's labelHappiness
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Level of incomeI01ab03Household income
WealthP12ab01Total wealth