Findings on happiness in Noelle-Neumann (1977a): study XZ Germany West 1973

Author(s)Noelle-Neumann, E.
TitlePolitik und Glück. (Politics and Happiness).
SourceBaier, H.;Ed.: "Freiheit und Sachzwang", West Deutscher Verlag, 1977, Opladen, Germany, 208 - 262
Public16+ aged, general public, West-Germany, 1973
Survey nameDE-Allensbacher Survey
 Allensbacher Archiv, Ifd Umfrage nr. 1735
SampleNot available
Respondents N =1041
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
General remarksData partly reported in NOELL 1978 (table 6).
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 10 questions: "During the past week, did you ever feel.....?" A So restless that you could not sit long in a chair B Proud, because someone had complimented you C Very lonely or remote from people? D Pleased about having accomplished something E Bored F On top of the world? G Depressed H That things were going your way? I Upset because someone criticized you? J Could not do anything, simply because you could not start? Answer options and scoring: - yes = 1 - no = 0 Summation: Positive Affect Score (PAS): summed scores on B,D F,H Negative Affect Score (NAS): summed scores on A,C,E,G,I,J Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS Possible range -6 to +4 Name: Bradburn's `Affect Balance Scale' (adapted version)
Author's labelPsychological wellbeing
Remarks3) More positive answers 48%, (2) balance zero 20% , (1) more negative answers: 32%
Finding used in
nation ranks

Full textInterviewer-rating of cheerful appearance on 8 aspects A The look is 2) open 1) evasive - impossible to say B The corners of the mouth turn 2) up 1) down - impossible to say C The posture is 2) relaxed, at ease 1) rather tense - impossible to say D The movements are 2) relaxed, at ease 1) limited, withdrawn - impossible to say E The eyes are 2) big, open 1) small, screw up - impossible to say F The elbows are kept 2) not close to the body 1) close to the body - impossible to say G The lips are more 2) broad, full 1) thin, pent up - impossible to say H All in all the subject looks 2) quite cheerful 1) not very cheerful - difficult to say Scoring: sum of aspect ratings Name: `Allensbacher Ausdruckstest'
Author's labelAllensbacher Ausdruckstest'
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Cheerful appearanceshow  A-AB by A-CA
Cheerful appearanceshow  Rating of happiness by interviewer, also classified as above ↑
Laughingshow  Writing firmness