Findings on happiness in Noelle-Neumann (1977a): study XZ Germany West 1976 /3

Author(s)Noelle-Neumann, E.
TitlePolitik und Glück. (Politics and Happiness).
SourceBaier, H.;Ed.: "Freiheit und Sachzwang", West Deutscher Verlag, 1977, Opladen, Germany, 208 - 262
PublicCarowners, followed 1 year, West-Germany, 1976-77
Collect period5-12
 5+12 +1977/1
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
Respondents N =1084
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 two interviews at a half year interval
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textInterviewer-rating of cheerful appearance on 8 aspects A The look is 2) open 1) evasive - impossible to say B The corners of the mouth turn 2) up 1) down - impossible to say C The posture is 2) relaxed, at ease 1) rather tense - impossible to say D The movements are 2) relaxed, at ease 1) limited, withdrawn - impossible to say E The eyes are 2) big, open 1) small, screw up - impossible to say F The elbows are kept 2) not close to the body 1) close to the body - impossible to say G The lips are more 2) broad, full 1) thin, pent up - impossible to say H All in all the subject looks 2) quite cheerful 1) not very cheerful - difficult to say Scoring: sum of aspect ratings Name: `Allensbacher Ausdruckstest'
Author's labelCheerful appearance (Fröhlich aussehen)
Error estimatesReliability: retest after 6 months: - 78% identical ratings with same interviewer - 64% identical ratings with other interviewer Validity:
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Cheerful appearanceshow  Recent happiness (< 1 year ago)