Findings on happiness in Noelle-Neumann (1977a): study XZ Germany West 1973 /1

Author(s)Noelle-Neumann, E.
TitlePolitik und Glück. (Politics and Happiness).
SourceBaier, H.;Ed.: "Freiheit und Sachzwang", West Deutscher Verlag, 1977, Opladen, Germany, 208 - 262
Public16+ aged, general public, West-Germany, 1973
Collect period7
Survey nameDE-Allensbacher Survey
 Allenbacher Archiv, Ifd Survey 2096. Same Study also reported in NOELL 1974
SampleNot available
Respondents N =2035
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentBehavioural observation
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textInterviewer-rating of cheerful appearance on 8 aspects A The look is 2) open 1) evasive - impossible to say B The corners of the mouth turn 2) up 1) down - impossible to say C The posture is 2) relaxed, at ease 1) rather tense - impossible to say D The movements are 2) relaxed, at ease 1) limited, withdrawn - impossible to say E The eyes are 2) big, open 1) small, screw up - impossible to say F The elbows are kept 2) not close to the body 1) close to the body - impossible to say G The lips are more 2) broad, full 1) thin, pent up - impossible to say H All in all the subject looks 2) quite cheerful 1) not very cheerful - difficult to say Scoring: sum of aspect ratings Name: `Allensbacher Ausdruckstest'
Author's labelCheerful appearance (Fröhlich aussehen)
Remarks- 30% very positive balance sumscore +4 and +5 (3) - 35% somewhat positive balance sumscore +1 to +3 (2) - 35% no positive balance sumscore -5 to 0 (1)
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 8 - 16On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Frequency of laughingshow  Laughing often