Findings on happiness in Shichman & Cooper (1984): study US 1979

Author(s)Shichman, S.; Cooper, E.
TitleLife Satisfaction and Sex-Role Concept.
SourceSex Roles, 1984, Vol. 11, 227 - 240
PublicAdults, students and churchmembers, USA, 197?
 Year of data gathering not reported
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
 Non-probability chunk samples: 1. undergraduate adults (N = 168), 2. graduate class (N = 16), 3. Presbyterian church group (N = 33)
Respondents N =217
Non Response5,9 %
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Overall, how satisfied are you with your life.....? 4 very satisfied 3 satisfied 2 dissatisfied 1 very dissatisfied.
Author's labelGeneral Satisfaction with Life
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 4On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Scores in1234

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Divergence between actual and preferred workstatusL07ac03bRealization of employment goals
Divergence between actual and preferred workstatusE02ag06Satisfaction with current employment status, also classified as above ↑
Divergence real and ideal sex- roleG01ab01Gender-role attitudes
Divergence real and ideal sex- roleL07ac03Perceived realization of specific life-goals, also classified as above ↑
Divergence real and ideal sex- roleS02ad03aReal-ideal congruence, also classified as above ↑
Divergence real and ideal sex- roleR15ab02bRole conflict, also classified as above ↑
Education levelE01ab02Level of school-education
Income levelI01ab03Household income
Male sexG01aaSex (male vs female)
MarriedM02aaMarried state (compared to non-married states)
Satisfaction derived from occupationW05ad01Satisfaction with work-as-a-whole
Satisfaction derived from uncertainties about way of lifeL04ac01mPredictable (vs uncertain)
Satisfaction derivedfrom sportsS12ac02Satisfaction with sporting
Satisfaction with achieving goalsH07aa03gO-SL by C-RW
Satisfaction with achieving goalsL07ac02bPerceived realization of life-goal set, also classified as above ↑
Satisfaction with achieving goalsL04ac01pSuccessful (vs failure), also classified as above ↑
Satisfaction with community activitiesS07ac02Satisfaction with organizational participation
Satisfaction with conflicts among various aspectsL04ab01Wished other life
Satisfaction with financial situationI01af05bSatisfaction with financial situation
Satisfaction with healthH14af04Satisfaction with health
Satisfaction with homemakingW05ad03aSatisfaction with home-making
Satisfaction with leisure-time activitiesL03ad03bSatisfaction with leisure activities
Satisfaction with marriageM03ac03Satisfaction with marriage
Satisfaction with parentingC06ac03Satisfaction with parenting
Satisfaction with relations with friendsF06ah04Satisfaction with friends
Satisfaction with relations with relativesF03ac03Satisfaction with close adult relatives
Satisfaction with the most important aspects of lifeL04ac02cMost important aspects of life
Satisfaction with various domains of lifeL04ad02Satisfaction with multiple domains of life
Sex RoleG01ab01Gender-role attitudes
White raceE04ab03tEthnic status in the USA