Findings on happiness in Avia & Vasques (1998): study ES 1993

Author(s)Avia, M.D.; Vasques, C.
TitleOptimismo Intelligente. (Wise Optimism).
SourceAlianza Editorial, 1998, Madrid, Spain
PublicAdults, age range not reported, general public, Spain, 1993
Survey nameRuiz & Bacha 1993
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Respondents N =2542
Non Response0
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Taken all things together, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days? On the whole, would you say you are.....? 5 very satisfied 4 satisfied 3 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied 2 dissatisfied 1 very dissatisfied
Page in publication100
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 5On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation0.781.83

Scores in12345