Findings on happiness in Herzog et al. (1982): study US 1971

Author(s)Herzog, A.R.; Rodgers, W.L.; Woodworth, R.J.
TitleSubjective Well-Being among Different Age Groups.
SourceResearch Report I.S.R., University of Michigan, 1982, Ann Arbor, USA
Public25-97 aged, general public, USA, 1971-1978
 1971 to 1978
Survey nameNot available
 Secundary analysis on the following DATASETS: 1. Social Indicator Studies, Andrews & Withey, N= 1955, 1972-1976 (see ANDRE 1976) 2. General Social Surveys, National Opinion Research Center, N = 9151, pooled annual 1972-78, Davis et al. 3. Omnibus Surveys, Survey Research Center, N= 3222, pooled annaul 1973-1975 4. Omnibus Survey,, Survey Research Center, N= 707, 1976 5. Social Indicator Study, Rodgers et al N = 1077 , 1974-75, Detroit area, 6. Quality of Life Survey, Campbell et al., N =1822, 1971,see CAMPB 1975 7. Quality of Life Survey, Campbell et al., N =3141, 1978, see CAMPB 1980 8. Time use in Economic and Survey Research Center, N=410, 1975, Juster et. al. Datasets are mostly analysed seperately.
SampleMixed samples
 8 datasets: -DATASET 1,2 (from 1974 onwards),3,4,6,7: Probability multistage stratified cluster samples -DATASET 2 (two earliest): Probability sampling down to the block level and quota sampling on the block level -DATASET 5: Probability area sample
Respondents N =1500
 1000 to 2000 in each dataset
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Structured interview
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Taken all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say that you are....? 3 very happy 2 pretty happy 1 not too happy
Author's labelHappiness
Finding used in
nation ranks

Full textSelfreport on single question: How do you feel about your life as a whole.....? 7 delighted 6 pleased 5 mostly satisfied 4 mixed 3 mostly dissatisfied 2 unhappy 1 terrible Name: Andrews & Withey's `Delighted-Terrible Scale' (original version)
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Finding used in
nation ranks

Full textSelfreport on single question: We have talked about various parts of your life, now I want to ask you about your life as a whole. How satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days.....? 7 completely satisfied 6 5 4 neutral 3 2 1 completely dissatisfied
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Ageshow  Current age (in years)
Educationshow  Level of school-education
Employment statusshow  Current employment status
Family incomeshow  Household income
Male sexshow  Sex (male vs female)
Married vs not marriedshow  Married state (compared to non-married states)
Self-reported Healthshow  Global health rating
Self-reported Healthshow  Satisfaction with health, also classified as above ↑
White raceshow  Ethnic status in the USA
Widowed vs never married or divorcedshow  Vs divorced, separated or never (willful unmarried)