Findings on happiness in Langer & Rodin (1976): study US 1973

Author(s)Langer, E.J.; Rodin, J.
TitleThe Effects of Choice and Enhanced Personal Responsibilty for the Aged: A Field Experiment in an Institutional Setting.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1976, Vol. 34, 191 - 198
PublicNursing home residents, Hamden, Connecticut, USA, 1973
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Non-probability chunk sample, inhabitans of a nursing home, two floors with similar residents.
Respondents N =45
Non Response51%
AssesmentBehavioural observation
 Observation and rating by staff
General remarks
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: "How happy would you say you were in general?" 1 - 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 + (Full response options not reported)
Author's labelGeneral level of satisfaction
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Boosting of responsibility and choiceshow  Change in freedom
Boosting of responsibility and choiceshow  Providing control, also classified as above ↑
Boosting of responsibility and choiceshow  Restrictiveness of setting, also classified as above ↑