Findings on happiness in Mitchell (1985): study US 1974

Author(s)Mitchell, J.
TitleFamily Helping Behavior and the Elderly: A Two-Dimensional Approach.
SourceFree Inquiry in Creative Sociology, 1985, Vol. 13, 21 - 26
Public65+ aged, with children, USA, 1974
Survey nameNot available
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
 Data came from a national survey of 4254 respondents. Selected were people of 65+ aged, with children. The sample is representative for the national population. Those with higher levels of education were overrepresented.
Respondents N =2147
 334 blacks, 1813 whites
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentMultiple methods
 The Affect Ballance Scale (Bradburn 1969) The Neugarten life satisfaction scale.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 10 questions: During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no) A Particularly excited or interested in something? B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair? C Proud because someone complimented you on something you had done? D Very lonely or remote from other people? E Pleased about having accomplished something? F Bored? G On top of the world? H Depressed or very unhappy? I That things were going your way? J Upset because someone criticized you? Answer options and scoring: yes = 1 no = 0 Summation: -Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I -Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J -Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS Possible range: -5 to +5 Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Author's labelPsychological well-being
Error estimatesCorrelation with Life Satisfaction Index Z (Wood et al. 1969). r=+.61
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Life satisfactionshow  Adjustment to old-age inventories
Perceived active help given to (grand)childrenshow  Amount of support provided
Perceptions of re- ceiving active help from (grand)childrenshow  Amount of current support received