Findings on happiness in Medley (1976): study US 1971

Author(s)Medley, M.L.
TitleSatisfaction with Life among Persons 65 Years and Older: A Causal Model.
SourceJournal of Gerontology, 1976, Vol. 31, 448 - 455
Public65+ aged, USA, 1971
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Persons of 65 years and older were selected from a 1971 national probability sample (N:2164) consiting of persons aged 18 year and older and living in non-institutional dwelling units. From this sample 109 males and 192 females gave a response to all questions.
Respondents N =301
 109 males and 192 females
Non Response-
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Structured interview
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 9 questions: A. "How satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days?" (Answer options not reported) B. Eight questions about how Ss feel about present life in terms of : - interesting ------------------- boring - enjoyable ------------------- miserable - worthwhile -------------------- useless - friendly -------------------------- lonely - full --------------------------------- empty - hopeful ------------------------- discouraging - rewarding ---------------------- disappointing - brings out the best in me-- does not give me a chance Response options 1 - 7 numerical scales Summation: Equal weights for A and B. Precise summation: not reported.
Author's labelSatisfaction with life as a whole
RemarksMales M= 122 SD = 24.03 Ms'= 8.1 Females M= 116.67 SD= 25.31 Ms'= 7.7
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Family incomeshow  Household income
Health satisfactionshow  Satisfaction with health
Joint effectsshow  Health + income + family
Saisfsaction with family lifeshow  Satisfaction with family-life
Satisfaction with standard of livingshow  Satisfaction with standard of living