Findings on happiness in Moller & Schlemmer (1989): study ZA 1983

Author(s)Moller, V.; Schlemmer, L.
TitleSouth African Quality of Life: A Research Note.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1989, Vol. 21, 279 - 291
PublicAdult, general public, urban areas, South Africa, 1983
Survey nameNot available
 South African Quality of Life Survey
SampleNot available
 The interviews were conducted among whites, coloured people and Indians in both large and small urban areas using multi-stage cluster sampling. Sampling procedures among blacks were as follows: In the urban township areas random samples were drawn from address lists, which were stratified by areas relating to ascertainable socio-economic differences. In the peri-urban squatter areas and in rural areas a form of systematic sampling was used, based on interviewing points appearing at distances of equal intervals along routes and thoroughfares, with random distance starting points.
Respondents N =5587
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Structured personal interview
General remarksData partly reported in: - Moller, V., Schlemmer, L. and du Toit, S., Quality of life in South Africa: measurement and analysis, report S-167, 1987, Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa. Same study also reported in MOLLE 1989.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 5 questions: A Taking all things together, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days? On the whole would you say you are." 5 very satisfied, 4 satisfied 3 neither, nor, don't know 2 dissatisfied 1 very dissatisfied B Would you tell me which one word in each pair of words best describes the life you are leading now? " 1 miserable 2 3 4 5 6 7 happy C "Would you tell me which one word in each pair of these words best describes the life you are leading now?" 1 rewarding 2 3 4 5 6 7 frustration D " Do you often, sometimes, seldom or never feel that life is very good?" 3 often 2 sometimes 1 never E "Taking all things together in your life, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are." 5 very happy 4 happy 3 neither, nor, don't know 2 unhappy 1 very unhappy Summation: not reported
Author's labelIndex of overall subjective well-being
Error estimatesReliability: Median Scores range 1-100 range 0-10 Validity: - Whites 82.3 7.3 - Indians 78.6 6.9 - Coloureds 78.3 6.9 - Blacks 63.7 5.4
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Urban livingshow  Rural vs urban dwelling