Findings on happiness in Block (1971): study US 1936

Author(s)Block, J.
TitleLives through Time.
SourceBancroft Books, 1971, Berkeley, USA
PublicHighschool pupils, followed from age 11 to 35, USA, 1936-1957
 T1:1936, T2:1942, T3:1957
Survey nameNot available
 Guidance Study by J. Macfarlane, 1938a, 1938b (N= 248). Oakland Growth Study by H. Jones, 1938, 1939a, 1939b (N= 212).
SampleNot available
 Pooled purposive samples: 1. Families of every third baby born in Berkeley over an 18 months period were provided the opportunity of participating (Macfarlane, 1938a, 1938b). 2. Fifth-grade children were selected from five elementary schools in Oakland (Jones, 1938, 1939a, 1939b).
Respondents N =160
Non Response65% dropout, 11% incomplete data
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Interviews and tests
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textClinical rating of cheerfulness. Rating on the basis of interview-protocols by 2 or 3 independent judges of cheerfulness as personality descriptive variable from most uncharacteristic to most characteristic of the subject. Rating options: scale rating from 1 to 9 (scale options not reported)
Author's labelCheerfulness
Error estimatesReliability: Inter-rater reliabilities: Males: T1 junior high school, age 11-14, rs=+.72 T2 senior high school, age 14-17, rs=+.79 T3 fourth decade, age 28-35, rs=+.77 Females: T1 junior high school, age 11-14, rs=+.68 T2 senior high school, age 14-17, rs=+.77 T3 fourth decade, age 28-35, rs=+.80 Validity:
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Earlier cheerfulnessshow  Long term happiness (< 10 years ago)
Earlier cheerfulnessshow  Past happiness ( 1 to 10 years ago), also classified as above ↑