Findings on happiness in Goudy & Goudeau (1981): study US 1975

Author(s)Goudy, W.J.; Goudeau, J.F.
TitleSocial Ties and Life Satisfaction of Older Persons: Another Evaluation.
SourceJournal of Gerontological Social Work, 1981, Vol. 4, 35 - 50
Public50+ aged, general public, North-Central Iowa, USA, 1975
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Respondents of 50 years of age or older were selected from a probability random sample of households.
Respondents N =2321
Non Response11.3%
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Mailed questionnaire
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Taking everything into consideration, how satisfied are you with life in general at the present time? Would you say you are.....? 5 extremely satisfied 4 very satisfied 3 fairly satisfied 2 slightly satisfied 1 not satisfied
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04ab03Age difference among elderly
Community attachementL17ac01Attitude to vinicity
Demographic characteristicsS15ab01Socio-demographic factors only
EducationE01ab02Level of school-education
Friends in communityF06ad01Friends in community
Friends in communityL17ab01cSocial contacts in vinicity, also classified as above ↑
IncomeI01abCurrent income level (unspecified)
Local people knownL17ab01cSocial contacts in vinicity
Marital statusM02aaMarried state (compared to non-married states)
Organizational membershipS07ab01Membership of voluntary organizations
Quality of lifeL04ac02aSummed life aspect evaluations (semantic differential scales)
Relatives in communityF03ab02Contacts with relatives
Relatives in communityL17ab01cSocial contacts in vinicity, also classified as above ↑
Social tiesS08abCurrent total social participation