Findings on happiness in Goudy & Goudeau (1981): study US 1975

Author(s)Goudy, W.J.; Goudeau, J.F.
TitleSocial Ties and Life Satisfaction of Older Persons: Another Evaluation.
SourceJournal of Gerontological Social Work, 1981, Vol. 4, 35 - 50
Public50+ aged, general public, North-Central Iowa, USA, 1975
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Respondents of 50 years of age or older were selected from a probability random sample of households.
Respondents N =2321
Non Response11.3%
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Mailed questionnaire
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Taking everything into consideration, how satisfied are you with life in general at the present time? Would you say you are.....? 5 extremely satisfied 4 very satisfied 3 fairly satisfied 2 slightly satisfied 1 not satisfied
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Ageshow  Age difference among elderly
Community attachementshow  Attitude to vinicity
Demographic characteristicsshow  Socio-demographic factors only
Educationshow  Level of school-education
Friends in communityshow  Friends in community
Friends in communityshow  Social contacts in vinicity, also classified as above ↑
Incomeshow  Current income level (unspecified)
Local people knownshow  Social contacts in vinicity
Marital statusshow  Married state (compared to non-married states)
Organizational membershipshow  Membership of voluntary organizations
Quality of lifeshow  Summed life aspect evaluations (semantic differential scales)
Relatives in communityshow  Contacts with relatives
Relatives in communityshow  Social contacts in vinicity, also classified as above ↑
Social tiesshow  Current total social participation