Findings on happiness in Linn et al. (1986): study US Wisconsin 1974

Author(s)Linn, L.S.; Cope, D.W.; Yager, J.
TitleFactors Associated with Life Satisfaction among Practising Internists.
SourceMedical Care, 1986, Vol. 24, 830 - 837
Public18+ aged, general public, NW-Wisconsin, USA, 1974
Collect periodwinter
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Probability-multistage area sample
Respondents N =1423
Non Response7-24 %
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Structured interview
General remarksSame study also reported in BHARA 1977, LINN 1980, MARIT 1984,1985, BUTTE 1977 and WILKE 1978/1.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: In general, how happy would you say you are these days.....? 7 extremely happy 6 very happy 5 pretty happy 4 not too happy 3 a bit unhappy 2 pretty unhappy 1 very unhappy
Author's labelHappiness
Remarkshappy 36%, pretty happy 53%, a bit happy 9%, unhappy 2%.
Error estimatesReliability: range 1-7 M=5.4 Ms'=7.3 Validity:
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Full textSelfreport on single question: Considering everything, how satisfied are you with your life as whole.....? 7 completely satisfied 6 satisfied 5 mostly satisfied 4 satisfied/dissatisfied 3 dissatisfied 2 very dissatisfied 1 completely dissatisfied
Author's labelLife-satisfaction
RemarksSatisfied 87%, mixed (satisfied/dissatisfied) 11%, dissatisfied 2%.
Error estimatesReliability: range 1-7 M=5.2 SD=0.9 Ms'=7.0 Validity:
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation0.90

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Ageshow  Current age (in years)
Contact with friendsshow  Current contacts with friends
Divorce/separationshow  Married vs divorced
Educationshow  Level of school-education
Health problemsshow  Degree of restriction
Incomeshow  Household income
Joint effectsshow  Socio-demographic + health + life events
Male sexshow  Sex (male vs female)
Occupationshow  'Objective' socio-economic status
Unemploymentshow  Current employment status