Findings on happiness in Near et al. (1978): study US NewYork 1975

Author(s)Near, J.P.; Hunt, R.G.; Rice, R.W.
TitleWork and Extra-Work Correlates of Life and Job Satisfaction.
SourceAcademy of Management Journal, 1978, Vol. 21, 248 - 264
PublicAdults, general public, Western New York State, USA, 1975
Survey nameNot available
 Erie Niagara Area Survey.
SampleNot available
 Probability sample drawn from a master stratified sample of Buffalo, New York, SMSA, clustered by blocks. The demografic compostion of this local sample is similar to that of the American public.
Respondents N =384
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
General remarksSame study also reported in RICE 1979
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Taking everything into consideration, how satisfied are you with life in general at the present time? Would you say you are.....? 5 extremely satisfied 4 very satisfied 3 fairly satisfied 2 slightly satisfied 1 not satisfied
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 5On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.082.13

Scores in12345

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Ageshow  Current age (in years)
Area of socializationshow  Rural upbringing
Change in living environmentshow  Earlier residential mobility
Change in living environmentshow  Rural upbringing, also classified as above ↑
Educationshow  Level of school-education
Employment statusshow  Current employment status
Healthshow  Global health rating
Household incomeshow  Household income
Interviewer's ratingof neighborhoodshow  Quality of housing in vinicity
Interviewers rating of homeshow  Quality of house
Job satisfactionshow  Current satisfaction with work
Job tenureshow  Current employment arrangement
Male sexshow  Sex (male vs female)
Marital statusshow  Married state (compared to non-married states)
Occupationshow  Manual or non-manual
Occupational presti-geshow  Social prestige of occupation
Own or rents homeshow  House owned or rented
Reason not looking for workshow  Attitudes to own (un)employment
Respondent's rating of neighborhoodshow  Attitude to neighborhood
Satisfaction over timeshow  Long term change
Stratumshow  Community size
White raceshow  Ethnic status in the USA