Findings on happiness in Chassie & Bhagat (1980): study US 1978

Author(s)Chassie, M.B.; Bhagat, R.S.
TitleRole Stress in Working Women: Differential Effect on Selected Organizational Outcomes.
SourceGroup & Organizational Studies, 1980, Vol. 5, 224 - 233
PublicWorking women, USA, 197?
 not reported, estimated 1978
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
 Non probability purposive sample sample: 30% from the accounting department of a large southwestern oil firm, 30% elementary and secondary metropolitan school teachers, 20% from a local chapter of the American association of university women, 20% barbers, hairdressers, bank tellers and clerical workers from a medium-sized southwestern city. The occupational level ranges from high school level to graduates, average some college or vocational training 73% married and 51% with dependent children .
Respondents N =115
Non Responsenot reported
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Mailed questionnaire
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: ".......satisfaction with life........." (full question not reported) Responses scored pictorial faces scale consisting on several smilies, expressing variations from very unhappy to very happy. (Pictures not presented here) 1 unhappy face 2 3 4 neutral face 5 6 7 happy face (Pictures not presented here) Name: Kunin's `Faces Scale'
Author's labelPersonal-Life satisfaction
Page in publication228
RemarksRange 0-10 (11 step)
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.07

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
General job satisfactionW05ad01Satisfaction with work-as-a-whole
Organizational commitmentW05abCurrent concern about work
Organizational commitmentP05czSolidary, cooperative, also classified as above ↑
Role stressR15ab02dRole stress
Role stressA02ad05Time spent on disliked activities, also classified as above ↑
Satisfaction with co-workersW05ad02cSatisfaction with colleagues
Satisfaction with payW05ad02aSatisfaction with pay
Satisfaction with promotional opportunityW05ad02bSatisfaction with promotion-chances
Satisfaction with supervisionW05ad02gSatisfaction with management
Satisfaction with work itselfW05ad02dSatisfaction with work itself
Total job satisfac- tionW05ad01Satisfaction with work-as-a-whole