Findings on happiness in Campbell et al. (1976): study US 1971

Author(s)Campbell, A.; Converse, P.E.; Rodgers, W.L.
TitleThe Quality of American Life. Perceptions, Evaluations, and Satisfactions.
SourceRussel Sage Foundation, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1971
Collect period7-8
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Probability systematic random sample
Respondents N =2164
Non Response20%
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Highly structured, at home
General remarksSame study also reported in VEROF 1981
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: We have talked about various parts of your life, now I want to ask you about your life as a whole. How satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days.....? 7 completely satisfied 6 5 4 neutral 3 2 1 completely dissatisfied
Author's labelOverall life satisfaction
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.252.08

Scores in1234567

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
Educational levelE01ab02Level of school-education
EmploymentE02abCurrent employment status
EmploymentR14abCurrent status: retired or not, also classified as above ↑
EmploymentE02ab01Full-time home maker, also classified as above ↑
Family incomeI01ab03Household income
HappinessH07aa01bO-HL by O-SL
Life characterisation (L04ac02aSummed life aspect evaluations (semantic differential scales)
Male sexG01aaSex (male vs female)
Marital status: married vs. all not marriedM02aaMarried state (compared to non-married states)
Marital status: married vs. never marriedM02aa01Married vs never married
Marital status: married vs. singleM02aa01Married vs never married
Region in USAR01ab27Region in USA
Social approval see-king tendencyP05ahApproval seeking
Ways of characterizing life in generalL04ac02aSummed life aspect evaluations (semantic differential scales)
White raceE04ab03tEthnic status in the USA