Findings on happiness in Rosenberg (1962): study US 1960

Author(s)Rosenberg, M.
TitleThe Dissonant Religious Context and Emotional Disturbance.
SourceAmerican Journal of Sociology, 1962, Vol. 68, 1 - 10
PublicHigh school pupils, New York, USA,1960
Collect period1
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Stratified probability sample Ten schools were selected from a stratified population of high schools (by size of community) through use of a table of random numbers.
Respondents N =1618
Non Response1% because of inadequate answers
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
General remarksSample consists only of students in public high schools who were present on the day of administration. It does not include students in parochial or private schools, drop-outs or students absent on the day it was given.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 6 questions: A On the whole, how happy would you say you are? B On the whole, I think I am a quite happy person. C In general, how would you say you feel most of the time -in good or in low spirits? D I get a lot of fun out of life. E I wish I could be as happy as others seem to be. F How often do you feel downcast and rejected? Response options: not reported The items of this scale were randomly distributed in the questionnaire. Name: Rosen 'Depressive Affect Scale'
Author's labelDepressive Affect
RemarksDepressed : 17% Not-depressed : 83%
Error estimatesReliability: equivalence: Guttman Scale reproducebility 95% Guttman Scale scalability 75% Validity:
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Experience of prejudiceE04ab01bPersonal experience of ethnic discrimination
Experience of prejudiceR12ag03aSocial acceptance of one's religion, also classified as above ↑
Religious dissonanceof social contextL11ab02Ethnic diversity in vinicity
Religious dissonanceof social contextE04ab04Ethnic status in neighborhood, also classified as above ↑
Religious dissonanceof social contextR12ag03aSocial acceptance of one's religion, also classified as above ↑
Religious dissonanceof social contextV04acSocial acceptance of own values, also classified as above ↑
Religious dissonanceof social contextL17ab01bSocial homogeneity in vinicity, also classified as above ↑