Findings on happiness in Ward (1979): study US 1972

Author(s)Ward, R.A.
TitleThe Never-Married in Later Life.
SourceJournal of Gerontology, 1979, Vol. 34, 861 - 869
Public50+ aged, USA, 1972-1977
Survey nameNot available
 Pooled General Social Surveys 1972 -1977
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
 50+ aged selected from pooled probability sample of the non-institutionalized population of the continental U.S.
Respondents N =3557
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Taken all things together, how would you say things are these days. Would you say you were.? 1 not too happy 2 pretty happy 3 very happy
Author's labelGlobal happiness
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
EducationE01ab02Level of school-education
Family income in the previous yearI01ab03Household income
HealthH14ab02aGlobal health rating
Marital statusM02aaMarried state (compared to non-married states)
Marital statusM02aa03Married vs divorced, also classified as above ↑
Marital statusM02aa01Married vs never married, also classified as above ↑
Marital statusM02aa04Married vs separated , also classified as above ↑
Marital statusM02aa02Married vs widowed, also classified as above ↑
Number of groups belonged toS07ab01Membership of voluntary organizations
RetirementR14abCurrent status: retired or not
Satisfaction with family lifeF03ac02Satisfaction with family-life
Satisfaction with friendshipsF06ah04Satisfaction with friends
Social contactsS06abCurrent contacts