Findings on happiness in George (1978): study US NorthCarolina 1973

Publication
Author(s)George, L.K.
TitleThe Impact of Personality and Social Status Factors upon Levels of Activity and Psychological Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Gerontology, 1978, Vol. 33, 840 - 847
Investigation
Public50+ aged, whites, Durham, North Carolina, USA, 197?
Survey nameNot available
 Third wave of a longitudinal study of aging (Palmore 1974).
SampleNot available
 Probability sample drawn from a list of a local health insurance program. Four test dates at two year intervals. 197 white males, 183 white females, aged 50-76. Overrepresentation of people with low income, low education, and sick or disabled.
Respondents N =380
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 10 questions: During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no) A Particularly excited or interested in something? B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair? C Proud because someone complimented you on something you had done? D Very lonely or remote from other people? E Pleased about having accomplished something? F Bored? G On top of the world? H Depressed or very unhappy? I That things were going your way? J Upset because someone criticized you? Answer options and scoring: yes = 1 no = 0 Summation: -Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I -Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J -Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS Possible range: -5 to +5 Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
ClassificationA-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a
Author's labelPsychological well-being
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Finding
Subject description
Activity levels on aweekly basisS07ab02Attendance to meetings
AgeA04ab03Age difference among elderly
AnxietyP05afAnxious
ConscientiousnessP05aoConscientious
ConservationP05aqConservating
ControlP05blImpulsive (vs self controlled)
Cortical arousalP05dkVigorous
DominanceP05auDominant
EducationE01ab02Level of school-education
Emotional stabilityP05dbStable
Employment statusE02abCurrent employment status
ExtraversionP05azExtraverted
Health impairmentH14ab01Expert rating of health
IndependenceP05bmIndependent
IntelligenceI03ab01Test-intelligence
Male sexG01aaSex (male vs female)
Marital statusM02aaMarried state (compared to non-married states)
NaivetéP05caNaive
Occupational prestigeO01ac01aSocial prestige of occupation
OutgoingP05cfOutgoing
PersonalityP05PERSONALITY: CURRENT TRAITS
PracticalityP05cgPractical
SecurityP05cpSecure
Self sufficiencyP05byModest (vs supercilious)
Sense of trustP05diTrusting
SobernessP05cxSober
Social boldnessP05akBold
Sociodemographic variables and personalityS15ab07Socio-demographic + personality
TensenessP05deTense
Tough mindednessP05dhTough