Findings on happiness in Wright (1978): study US 1971

Author(s)Wright, J.D.
TitleAre Working Women Really More Satisfied? Evidence from Several National Surveys.
SourceJournal of Marriage and the Family, 1978, Vol. 40, 301 -373
PublicWhite married women, USA, 1971-76
 1971,1972,1973,1974,1975, and 1976
Survey nameNot available
 Quality of American life' survey (Cambell et al 1976) and five General Social Surveys.
SampleNot available
 Probability multistage samples. Six samples combined. Excluded: males, non- white women, white non-married women, white married women who were student or retired. Also excluded were working women with preschool children. N: 2541 ( 1971: 508, 1972: 383, 1973: 434 1974: 420, 1975: 398, 1976: 398 )
Respondents N =2541
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Structured interview
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Taken all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say that you are....? 3 very happy 2 pretty happy 1 not too happy
Author's labelHappiness
RemarksRange 1-3: 1971 M'= 2.36 1972 M'= 2.28 1973 M'= 2.41 1974 M'= 2.40 1975 M'= 2.34 1976 M'= 2.32
Finding used in
nation ranks

Full textSelfreport on single question: We have talked about various parts of your life, now I want to ask you about your life as a whole. How satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days.....? 7 completely satisfied 6 5 4 neutral 3 2 1 completely dissatisfied
Author's labelSatisfaction with life
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.07

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
In laborforceE02ab01Full-time home maker
Social classS09ab01'Objective' socio-economic status