Findings on happiness in Duckitt (1982): study ZA 1980

Author(s)Duckitt, J.H.
TitleSocial Integration and Psychological Well-Being: A Study of Elderly Persons living in the Inner-City Area of Pretoria.
SourceHumanitas, Republic of South Africa, 1982, Vol. 8, 121-129
Public65-90 aged whites Pretoria, South Africa, 198?
 Year of interview not reported
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Non-probability purpusive quota sample of non-institutionalized urban aged. In the first stage an inventory was compiled on the basis of service agency lists and a door to door survey of all potential subjects; secondly a random sample of 100 persons was drawn from this list.
Respondents N =80
Non Response20%
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 at home
General remarks
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelf report on single question: Lead item not reported [ 9 ] best imaginable [ 8 ] [ 7 ] [ 6 ] [ 5 ] [ 4 ] [ 3 ] [ 2 ] [ 1 ] worst imaginable Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating (modified version)
Author's labelPsychological well-being
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 9On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.90

Full textSelfreport on 10 questions: During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no) A Particularly excited or interested in something? B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair? C Proud because someone complimented you on something you had done? D Very lonely or remote from other people? E Pleased about having accomplished something? F Bored? G On top of the world? H Depressed or very unhappy? I That things were going your way? J Upset because someone criticized you? Answer options and scoring: yes = 1 no = 0 Summation: -Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I -Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J -Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS Possible range: -5 to +5 Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Author's labelPsychological well-being
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range -5 - 5On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation2.10

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Affect Balanceshow  A-AB by C-BW
Age grading in interactionshow  Perceived value-similarity with intimates
Exclusivity in interactionshow  Size of intimate network
Frequency of interactionshow  Frequency of intimate contacts
Healthshow  Degree of restriction
Incomeshow  Household income
Life satisfactionshow  Adjustment to old-age inventories
Scope of interactionshow  Total number of intimate ties