Findings on happiness in Simmons et al. (1977): study US 1970

Author(s)Simmons, R.G.; Klein, S.D.; Simmons, R.L.
TitleGift of Life: The Social and Psychological Impact of Organ Transplantation.
SourceWiley, 1977, London, UK
PublicAdult renal patients, followed before and after transplant, USA, 1970-73
Collect period10
 Between October 1970 and June 1973
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Non-probability chunk sample of all adult patients who received renal tranplantation or were placed on the list to await a cadaver donor at the University of Minnesota Hospitals between October 1970 and June 1973. Control groups: - representative sample of the national population of the USA in 1965. (Reported in BRADB 1969) - relatives of transplanted patients who did not donate a kidney
Respondents N =178
Non Response15%
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 T1 right before transplant,T2 1 year after
General remarksAt the posttransplant interview the non-response was 25%. The discrepancy in numbers is due to the fact that the study began prior to the development of the questionnaire so that some patients who received a year posttransplant questionnaire were not measured pretransplant. In addition there are no year posttransplant questionnaires for the patients not tranpsplanted in the University of Minnesota Hospitals, nor for the 40 patients who died or rejected their kidney before the year had passed. Three patients refused the questionnaire and only five altogether.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Taken all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say that you are....? 3 very happy 2 pretty happy 1 not too happy
Author's labelHappiness
Remarkspretransplant (T1): very 18%, pretty 58%, not 25% M'= 1.95 Ms'= 4.8 posttransplant(T2): very 57%, pretty 36%, not 7% M'= 2.50 Ms'= 7.5
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Chronic kidney diseaseshow  Renal failure (n17-19)
Earlier happinessshow  Actual transplantation
Renal transplantation_Ashow  Actual transplantation
Renal transplantation_Ashow  Earlier medical treatment, also classified as above ↑
Renal transplantation_Ashow  Renal failure, also classified as above ↑
Renal transplantation_Ashow  Renal failure (n17-19), also classified as above ↑
Renal transplantation_Ashow  Surgery, also classified as above ↑
Renal transplantation_Bshow  Actual transplantation
Renal transplantation_Bshow  Earlier life-events, also classified as above ↑
Renal transplantation_Bshow  Renal failure (n17-19), also classified as above ↑
Renal transplantation_Cshow  Actual transplantation
Renal transplantation_Cshow  Earlier life-events, also classified as above ↑
Renal transplantation_Cshow  Earlier medical treatment, also classified as above ↑
Renal transplantation_Cshow  History of current treatment, also classified as above ↑