Findings on happiness in Simmons et al. (1977): study US 1972 /1

Author(s)Simmons, R.G.; Klein, S.D.; Simmons, R.L.
TitleGift of Life: The Social and Psychological Impact of Organ Transplantation.
SourceWiley, 1977, London, UK
Public8-20 aged renal (ex-)patients and controls, USA, 1972-1973
Collect period5
 May 1972 to October 1973
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Non probability purposive quota samples: 1 - Chronically ill patients from 8 to 20 years old: 72 The ill patients were selected from the University of Minnesota Pediatric Renal Clinic. A duration criterion of at least one year time of diagnosis was used to ensure that the disease was chronic and to make it possible to concentrate on children and families whose coping mechanisms were likely to have achieved some stability. - Transplanted children: 52 This group included all children, aged 8 to 20, who had recieved a kidney transplant at the University of Minnesota Clinic before June 1973 and had maintained it for at least a year. 2 Control groups: - normal siblings: 44 - Baltimore controls: 621 The additional control group was used because normal siblings may be affected socially and psychologically by the disease in the home. The Baltimore control group comes from a two-stage random-sample study of Baltimore school children, using many of the same measures used here. To make the sample more comparable only the 621 white children (37% of the total sample) aged 10 - 18 years were used.
Respondents N =144
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 6 questions: A On the whole, how happy would you say you are? B On the whole, I think I am a quite happy person. C In general, how would you say you feel most of the time -in good or in low spirits? D I get a lot of fun out of life. E I wish I could be as happy as others seem to be. F How often do you feel downcast and rejected? Response options: not reported The items of this scale were randomly distributed in the questionnaire. Name: Rosen 'Depressive Affect Scale'
Author's labelHappiness
Error estimatesReliability: Equivalence: Cronbach's alpha = .71 Validity:
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Chronic kidney diseaseshow  Renal failure (n17-19)
Renal transplantation_Ashow  Actual transplantation
Renal transplantation_Ashow  Chronic illness, also classified as above ↑
Renal transplantation_Ashow  Earlier medical treatment, also classified as above ↑
Renal transplantation_Ashow  Renal failure, also classified as above ↑
Renal transplantation_Ashow  Surgery, also classified as above ↑
Renal transplantation_Bshow  Actual transplantation
Severity of renal diseaseshow  Renal failure (n17-19)