Findings on happiness in Snider (1980): study CA 1976

Author(s)Snider, E.L.
TitleExplaining Life Satisfaction: It's the Elderly's Attitudes that Count.
SourceSocial Science Quarterly, 1980, Vol. 61, 253 - 263
Public65+ aged, retired whites, Edmonton, Canada, 1976
Survey nameNot available
SampleProbability systematic sample
 Systematic probability sample of households. Only heads of households were intervieuwed, provided they were white, retired and 65+ aged.
Respondents N =428
Non Response10%
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
General remarks
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: "On the whole, how satisfied would you say you are with your life.....?" 1 not very satisfied 2 fairly satisfied 3 very satisfied
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Error estimatesValidity: Zero-order correlations with related phenomena at 01 level of significance, including 'accomplishing life goals' (+.27), 'to relive life exactly' (+.13), 'life happiness compared with others with the same age' (+.27), 'present happiness' (+.54)
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 3On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation0.60

Scores in123

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Accomplishing lifegoalsH07aa03fO-SL by C-RG
Activity sufficiencyT01af01Fit between actual and desired time-use
Adjustment to retirementR14agAttitudes to retirement
AgeA04ab03Age difference among elderly
Chronic health problemH14ab02dChronic illness
Educational levelE01ab02Level of school-education
Formal organization participationS07ab01Membership of voluntary organizations
Frequency friend contactF06acCurrent contacts with friends
Frequency kin contactF03ab02Contacts with relatives
Frequency meetings attendanceS07ab02Attendance to meetings
Functional healthH14acCurrent functional health
Income sufficiencyI01ac02Subjective poverty
Joint effectsL04ag03Adjustment to old-age inventories
Life happiness compared to others on the same ageH11ab03cPerceived difference with own happiness
LonelyM15ac05aFeeling lonely (vs not)
Male sexG01aaSex (male vs female)
Marital statusM02aaMarried state (compared to non-married states)
Monthly incomeI01abCurrent income level (unspecified)
Number of friends in cityL17ab01cSocial contacts in vinicity
Number of kin in cityF03ab02Contacts with relatives
Number of kin in cityL17ab01cSocial contacts in vinicity, also classified as above ↑
Percieved age-graded comparisonA04af01aSubjective age (how old one feels)
Present happinessH07aa01bO-HL by O-SL
Self-rated healthH14ab02aGlobal health rating
Socio-economic indexO01ac01aSocial prestige of occupation
Sufficiency kin and non-familial contactS06ac04bSatisfaction with amount of personal contacts
Willingness to relive life exactly the sameL04ab01Wished other life