Findings on happiness in Symonds (1937): study US 1935

Author(s)Symonds, P.M.
TitleHappiness as related to problems and interest.
SourceJournal of Educational Psychology, 1937, Vol. 28, 290 -294.
PublicHigh school pupils and college students, USA, 193?
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Non-probability chunk sample of 887 high school students, 584 college students and 180 graduate students.
Respondents N =1651
Non Response-
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
General remarksDifferences in average rankings which are more than twice the standard error of that difference are considered as significant.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: "Check one of the following groups of adjectives which best describes you." 7 full of deep joy, excitedly happy, enthusiastic, thrilled 6 cheerful, successful, optimistic, lighthearted 5 satisfied, comfortable, life goes smoothly, peaceful 4 contented at times and at other times discontented, life has both favorable and unfavorable features 3 restless, impatient, uncertain, dull, cross, confined 2 anxious, irritated, discouraged, disappointed, discontented 1 gloomy, miserable, a failure, no pleasure in anything
Author's labelHappiness
Finding used in
nation ranks
Scores in1234567

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Being interested in civic interestsP09ab01Political concern
Being interested in daily scheduleT01acCurrent time-organization
Being interested in family relationshipsI07af01Concern about intimates
Being interested in getting along with othersS06ac01Concern about personal contacts
Being interested in healthH14af01Concerns about health
Being interested in mannersI05abCurrent interests
Being interested in mannersC09ab02Specific concerns, also classified as above ↑
Being interested in mental hygieneC09ab02Specific concerns
Being interested in moneyI01af01Concerns about income
Being interested in personal and moral qualitiesV02ae01Concern about own values
Being interested in personal attractive-nessA07ac01Interest in appearance
Being interested in philosophy of lifeV02ae01Concern about own values
Being interested in recreationL03ad01Concern about leisure
Being interested in sexS03ac01Concern about sex
Being interested in study habitsS01af02Perceived usefulness of schooling
Having problems with getting along with othersI07ad01Ability to maintain intimate contacts
Having problems with getting along with othersP05cySociable, also classified as above ↑
Having problems withcivic interestsP09ab01Political concern
Having problems withdaily scheduleT01acCurrent time-organization
Having problems withfamily relationshipsF01adFamily climate (earlier for adults, current for young)
Having problems withhealthH14af01Concerns about health
Having problems withhealthH14ab02aGlobal health rating, also classified as above ↑
Having problems withmannersC09ab02Specific concerns
Having problems withmental hygieneC09ab02Specific concerns
Having problems withmoneyI01af01bWorrying about money
Having problems withpersonal and moral qualitiesV02ae01Concern about own values
Having problems withpersonal attractive-nessA07adSatisfaction with one's appearance
Having problems withphylosophy of lifeV02ae01Concern about own values
Having problems withrecreationL03ad01Concern about leisure
Having problems withsexS03ac02Problems with sex
Having problems withstudy habitsP14ab02dProblems at work
InterestsC09ab02Specific concerns
ProblemsP14ab02Kind of problems perceived