Findings on happiness in Verkuyten (1986a): study NL 1984

Author(s)Verkuyten, M.
TitleThe Impact of Ethnic and Sex Differences on Happiness among Adolescents in the Netherlands.
SourceJournal of Social Psychology, 1986, Vol. 126, 259 - 260
PublicAdolescents, autochtones and allochtones, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, 1984
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Non-probability chunk sample: all the pupils from a few classes from secundary schools in Rotterdam were interviewed. Sample consists of 104 Dutch adolescents and 157 ethnic minority adolescents, the latter immigrated mainly from Turkey, Surinam and Morocco. Aged 13-16.
Respondents N =261
 104 Dutch, 157 Ethnic Immigrants
Non Response0%
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Structured interview
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: "Above you see a numbered ladder. Consider the top of the ladder as the best possible life and the bottom of the ladder as the worst possible life. A Please place an X where you feel you are now. B Place an Y at the point where you were five years ago. C Please place a Z at the point that you feel you will be at five years from now. [ 10 ] best possible life [ 9 ] [ 8 ] [ 7 ] [ 6 ] [ 5 ] [ 4 ] [ 3 ] [ 2 ] [ 1 ] [ 0 ] worst possible life Question A is the case question. Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (modified version)
Author's labelGeneralized (life) satisfaction
Error estimatesValidity:
Finding used in
nation ranks

Full textSelfreport on 10 questions: During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no) A Particularly excited or interested in something? B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair? C Proud because someone complimented you on something you had done? D Very lonely or remote from other people? E Pleased about having accomplished something? F Bored? G On top of the world? H Depressed or very unhappy? I That things were going your way? J Upset because someone criticized you? Answer options and scoring: yes = 1 no = 0 Summation: -Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I -Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J -Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS Possible range: -5 to +5 Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Author's labelHedonic affect
Error estimatesCrombachs Alpha: 81
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Hedonic affectH07ab03bA-AB by C-BW
Immigrant backgroundE04ab03lEthnic status in the Netherlands
Length of residenceM07aa02Time since migration
Male sexG01aaSex (male vs female)