Findings on happiness in Peil (1984): study SL 1981

Author(s)Peil, M.
TitleAfrican Urban Life: Components of Satisfaction in Sierra Leone.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1984, Vol. 14, 363 - 384
PublicAdult, general public, urban areas, Sierra Leone, 1981
 Freetown, Bo and Kenema
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Probability sample of houses. Randomly selected from census sheets. Elderly people and long-term residents were oversampled. Freetown: 157 males, 79 females/ Bo: 143 males, 57 females/ Kenema: 152 males, 52 females.
Respondents N =640
Non Response5% (on some items up to 60%)
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
General remarksExcerpt includes extra information. Provided on demand by the author. (Not presented in the article).
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: How do you feel about your life as a whole? Rated on a seven step quality of life ladder was marked with a smiling face and marked ''GOOD'. The bottom marked with a frowning face and the word 'BAD' [ 7 ] Good, picture of smiling face [ 6 ] [ 5 ] [ 4 ] [ 3 ] [ 2 ] [ 1 ] Bad, picture of frowning face (Pictures not reproduced here)
Author's labelQuality of life
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Ageshow  Current age (in years)
Age at arrival in place of residenceshow  Time since last move
Arrival in place of residenceshow  Time since last move
Attitude towards citylifeshow  Attitude to urban life
Attitude towards urban lifeshow  Attitude to urban life
Employment statusshow  Current employment arrangement
Future happinessshow  Current hope
Future happinessshow  Expected level of happiness (period unspecified), also classified as above ↑
Happiness with kinshow  Attitude to urban life
Happiness with kinshow  Attitudes to family-life, also classified as above ↑
Happiness with kinshow  Attitudes to own support behavior, also classified as above ↑
Happiness with kinshow  Attitudes to social support received, also classified as above ↑
Having workshow  Current employment status
Level of educationshow  Level of school-education
Male sexshow  Sex (male vs female)
Occupational levelshow  Current occupation
Past happinessshow  Retrospective level of happiness (period unspecified)
Satisfaction with entitlementshow  Satisfaction with pay
Satisfaction with healthshow  Satisfaction with health
Satisfaction with houseshow  Satisfaction with housing
Satisfaction with incomeshow  Satisfaction with income
Satisfaction with jobshow  Satisfaction with work-as-a-whole
Satisfaction with neighbourhoodshow  Attitude to neighborhood
Satisfaction with standard of livingshow  Satisfaction with standard of living
Satisfaction with successshow  Attitudes to social inequality in nation
Satisfaction with the development of the nationshow  Satisfaction with economic development in nation
Satisfaction with townshow  Attitudes to local environment
Size of townshow  Size of urban setting
Urban backgroundshow  Rural upbringing
Urban backgroundshow  Rural vs urban dwelling, also classified as above ↑